Aur beam having photon of energy 480 ev is incident on a foil of aluminium . If the photon is scattered at 45 ° then calculate the energy of recall electron

kituoti126 2022-11-18 Answered
Aur beam having photon of energy 480 ev is incident on a foil of aluminium . If the photon is scattered at 45 then calculate the energy of recall electron
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metodikkf6z
Answered 2022-11-19 Author has 14 answers
The problem is based on the concept of the Compton effect.
When the photon of energy incident on rest electron, they collide elastically. So their energy before scattering is the same as the energy after scattering. After collision incident photon gets scattered by an angle θ whereas rest electron gets recoiled.
Due to elastic collision; the energy of the incident photon ( E = h v ) is equaled to the energy of scattered electron ( E = h v ) and energy of the recoiled electron ( E e )
E = E + E e
According to the Compton effect, the shift in the wavelength is ;
( λ λ ) = 2 λ c sin 2 ( θ 2 )
As given, energy of incident photon is,
E = h v = h c λ = 480  keV = 480 × 10 3 eV λ = h c 480 λ = ( 4.1356 × 10 15 eV × 3 × 10 8 m/s ) 480 × 10 3 λ = 0.0258475 × 10 10 m λ = 2.58475 × 10 12 m ( λ λ ) = λ c ( 1 cos θ ) ) = 2.426 × 10 12  m × ( 0.2929 ) = 0.7106 × 10 12 λ = λ + 0.7106 × 10 12 λ = 3.29535 × 10 12   m
Now we can calculate the energy of scattered photon;
E = h c λ
We have
λ = 3.29535 × 10 12   m h = 4.1356 × 10 15  eV c = 3 × 10 8  m/s E = ( 4 · 1356 × 10 15  eV × 3 × 10 8  m/s ) 3.29535 × 10 12 m E = 3.765 × 10 5  eV E = 376.5 × 10 3  eV E e = energy of recoil electron E e = E E
we have,
E = 480 × 10 3  eV E = 376.5 × 10 3  eV E e = ( 480 376.5 ) × 10 3  eV = 103.5 × 10 3  eV E e = 103.5  keV = 165.6 × 10 16  J E e = 1.656 × 10 14  J
Answer: The energy of recoil electron is 1.656 × 10 14  J or 103.5  keV
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