The shape characteristics of gravitational wells given different masses and spread of objects
I am curious as to research that calculates the shape of gravitational wells, and their limits, and affect on time, for different masses and spread of mass. The actual question is st the end.
For example: When the sun becomes a red giant the Earth's orbit is supposed to move out with the redistribution of mass, but what is the science behind this? Re-edit: Which I think was explained as the spreading density of the suns mass (it was a "TV" program. Another example, is it is said that the termination of the Sun's gravity field is 1.5 light years out. I am unaware of any distance studies to measure shape to specifically prove the theory.
The Question: Explanation of how the shape, time over distance, and extent of a gravitational well changes with the density of the mass, and the science behind this please? Re-edit: The curvature, research to verify theory, and actual simple graphical description of how the physical shape responds and changes based on contributing mass distribution. Say, does a more dense matter object cause the gravity well to more tightly curve to the surface of the matter, than to the surface of a cloud of gas of equal weight but magnitudes bigger. How does that look in physical shape over distance, how does the field terminate in shape. I'm interested in observational research on the profile. For instance does it continue the same decay equation or does it change/flatten out etc to a different equation at distance. This is more looking at verification/explanation of the conventional versus deviations. If we can only say so much at X distance from verified studies, that would be appreciated?
As we know there has been speculation based on deviations in observation of gravity on grander scales, such as across the galaxy. But I do not wish to go into those hypothesises, only the limits of what we have verified we know, which is a good starting point onto looking into this further.