sembuang711q6

Answered

2022-05-09

Getting 2 or 5 in two throws should be $P(2)+P(5)$. $P(2)=1/6,P(5)=1/6$ so the combined so it should be 1/3.

I tried to visualize but not able to do so correctly.

11,12,13,14,15,16, 21,22,23,24,25,26,31,32, ....6,6

total of 36 possibilities.

12,15,21,22,23,24,25,26,31,35,42,45,51,52,53,54,55,56,61,65

out of which 20 possibilities, so the probability should be 20/36 which is not 1/3.

Where am I going wrong?

I tried to visualize but not able to do so correctly.

11,12,13,14,15,16, 21,22,23,24,25,26,31,32, ....6,6

total of 36 possibilities.

12,15,21,22,23,24,25,26,31,35,42,45,51,52,53,54,55,56,61,65

out of which 20 possibilities, so the probability should be 20/36 which is not 1/3.

Where am I going wrong?

Answer & Explanation

Braeden Shannon

Expert

2022-05-10Added 13 answers

You did not take into account the fact that a 2 or a 5 could be obtained in either the first roll or the second roll. You must add these probabilities. Also, you must take into account the possibility that both events occur.

The probability of obtaining a 2 on the first roll is 1/6. The probability of obtaining a 2 on the second roll is also 1/6. Similarly, the probability of obtaining a 5 on the first roll is 1/6, and the probability of obtaining a 5 on the second roll is also 1/6. Adding those four probabilities yields

$4\cdot \frac{1}{6}=\frac{2}{3}$

However, we have counted those outcomes in which we obtain a 2 on both rolls, a 5 on both rolls, a 2 on the first roll and a 5 on the second roll, and a 5 on the first roll and a 2 on the second roll twice. Each of those four events has probability 1/36. Hence, the probability of obtaining a 2 or a five in two throws of a die is

$4\cdot \frac{1}{6}-4\cdot \frac{1}{36}=\frac{2}{3}-\frac{1}{9}=\frac{5}{9}$

as you found by listing the possibilities.

The probability of obtaining a 2 on the first roll is 1/6. The probability of obtaining a 2 on the second roll is also 1/6. Similarly, the probability of obtaining a 5 on the first roll is 1/6, and the probability of obtaining a 5 on the second roll is also 1/6. Adding those four probabilities yields

$4\cdot \frac{1}{6}=\frac{2}{3}$

However, we have counted those outcomes in which we obtain a 2 on both rolls, a 5 on both rolls, a 2 on the first roll and a 5 on the second roll, and a 5 on the first roll and a 2 on the second roll twice. Each of those four events has probability 1/36. Hence, the probability of obtaining a 2 or a five in two throws of a die is

$4\cdot \frac{1}{6}-4\cdot \frac{1}{36}=\frac{2}{3}-\frac{1}{9}=\frac{5}{9}$

as you found by listing the possibilities.

Carina Valenzuela

Expert

2022-05-11Added 3 answers

I presume that if you know the probability rule for addition, you also know that for multiplication, often called the fundamental counting principle

You need either a 2, or a 5 or both.In such situations, use of the complement can greatly simplifies computations.

The outcome we don't want, P(neither 2 nor 5),

thus $P(2\phantom{\rule{thickmathspace}{0ex}}or\phantom{\rule{thickmathspace}{0ex}}5)=1-{\displaystyle \frac{4}{6}}\cdot {\displaystyle \frac{4}{6}}={\displaystyle \frac{20}{36}}={\displaystyle \frac{5}{9}}$

You need either a 2, or a 5 or both.In such situations, use of the complement can greatly simplifies computations.

The outcome we don't want, P(neither 2 nor 5),

thus $P(2\phantom{\rule{thickmathspace}{0ex}}or\phantom{\rule{thickmathspace}{0ex}}5)=1-{\displaystyle \frac{4}{6}}\cdot {\displaystyle \frac{4}{6}}={\displaystyle \frac{20}{36}}={\displaystyle \frac{5}{9}}$

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