Answer & Explanation
The study of people in relation to their communities and societies is called community psychology. It is focused on how people interact with one another and the community they live in. The psychologists who specialize in community psychology work to comprehend how people's lives are affected by their groups, communities, organizations,
Ecological means that there are various issues that needs to be taken into consideration consisting of individuals, neighbourhood, family and communities at various levels.
Answer-Ecological Levels in Community Psychology
The ecological theory in the community psychology given by Kelly tends to focus on the way individuals become effective and adaptive in regard to different social environments.
He gave four ecological principles\Levels that help in examining environments\Settings and behavior and which are as follows-
1. Interdependence- It states that change in one component of the ecosystem can lead to a change in the other components as well and that means all the levels are interconnected.
2. Cycling- It refers to the well-organized process of development and usage of materials and resources that have an effect on the growth and development of the community.
3. Adaptation- Tendency to focus on the interaction between the individuals and their environment to get a proper and better understanding of why the behavior which is effective in one setting is not effective in others.
4. Succession- It states that communities are engaged in a regular process of change and this process of change requires adaptation.
It is stated that individuals interact with the environment they are living in through these Four ecological principles.
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