What is Chebyshev's inequality?

osula9a

osula9a

Answered

2022-01-16

What is Chebyshev's inequality?

Answer & Explanation

Samantha Brown

Samantha Brown

Expert

2022-01-16Added 35 answers

Chebyshev’s inequality says that at least 11K2 of data from a sample must fall within K standard deviations from the mean, where K is any positive real number greater than one.
Explanation:
Let play with a few value of K:
1. K=2 we have 11K2=114=34=75%. So Chebyshev’s would tell us that 75% of the data values of any distribution must be within two standard deviations of the mean.
2. K=3 we have 11K2=119=89=89%. This time we have 89% of the data values within three standard deviations of the mean.
3. K=4 we have 11K2=1116=1516=93.75%. Now we have 93.75% of the data within four standard deviations of the mean.
This is consistent to saying that in Normal distribution 68% of the data is one standard deviation from the mean, 95% is two standard deviations from the mean, and approximately 99% is within three standard deviations from the mean. The difference is Chebyshev's theorem extends this principle to any distribution.
autormtak0w

autormtak0w

Expert

2022-01-17Added 31 answers

Chebyshev’s inequality is a probability theory that guarantees that within a specified range or distance from the mean, for a large range of probability distributions, no more than a specific fraction of values will be present. In other words, only a definite fraction of values will be found within a specific distance from the mean of a distribution.
The formula for the fraction for which no more than a certain number of values can exceed is 1K2; in other words, 1K2 of a distribution’s values can be more than or equal to K standard deviations away from the mean of the distribution. Further, it also holds that 1(1K2) of a distribution’s values must be within, but not including, K standard deviations away from the mean of the distribution.

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