Bernard Boyer

Answered

2022-07-25

How to determine the domain and range of the functions?

Answer & Explanation

autarhie6i

Expert

2022-07-26Added 18 answers

Definition of the Domain of a Function

For a function f defined by an expression with variable x, the implieddomain of f is the set of all real numbers variable x can take suchthat the expression defining the function is real. The domain can also be given explicitly.

Example: Find the domain of function f definedby

f (x) = 1 / ( x - 5)

x can take any real number except 5 since x = 5 would make the denominator equal to zero and the division by zero is not allowed in mathematics. Hence the domain in interval notation is given by $-\mathrm{\infty}<x<+\mathrm{\infty}$ but, x 5

Definition of the Range of a Function

The range of f is the set of all values that the function takes when x takes values in the domain.

Example: Find the range of function f defined by:

$f(x)={x}^{2}-2$

The domain of this function is the set of all real numbers. The range is the set ofvalues that f(x) takes as x varies. If x is a real number,${x}^{2}$ is either positive or zero. Hence we can write the following:

${x}^{2}>=0$

Subtract -2 to both sides to obtain

${x}^{2}-2>=-2$

The last inequality indicates that ${x}^{2}-2$ takes all values greater that or equal to -2. The range of f is given by

[ -2 ,+infinity)

For a function f defined by an expression with variable x, the implieddomain of f is the set of all real numbers variable x can take suchthat the expression defining the function is real. The domain can also be given explicitly.

Example: Find the domain of function f definedby

f (x) = 1 / ( x - 5)

x can take any real number except 5 since x = 5 would make the denominator equal to zero and the division by zero is not allowed in mathematics. Hence the domain in interval notation is given by $-\mathrm{\infty}<x<+\mathrm{\infty}$ but, x 5

Definition of the Range of a Function

The range of f is the set of all values that the function takes when x takes values in the domain.

Example: Find the range of function f defined by:

$f(x)={x}^{2}-2$

The domain of this function is the set of all real numbers. The range is the set ofvalues that f(x) takes as x varies. If x is a real number,${x}^{2}$ is either positive or zero. Hence we can write the following:

${x}^{2}>=0$

Subtract -2 to both sides to obtain

${x}^{2}-2>=-2$

The last inequality indicates that ${x}^{2}-2$ takes all values greater that or equal to -2. The range of f is given by

[ -2 ,+infinity)

Most Popular Questions