How to determine the domain and range of the functions?

Bernard Boyer

Bernard Boyer

Answered

2022-07-25

How to determine the domain and range of the functions?

Answer & Explanation

autarhie6i

autarhie6i

Expert

2022-07-26Added 18 answers

Definition of the Domain of a Function
For a function f defined by an expression with variable x, the implieddomain of f is the set of all real numbers variable x can take suchthat the expression defining the function is real. The domain can also be given explicitly.
Example: Find the domain of function f definedby
f (x) = 1 / ( x - 5)
x can take any real number except 5 since x = 5 would make the denominator equal to zero and the division by zero is not allowed in mathematics. Hence the domain in interval notation is given by < x < + but, x 5
Definition of the Range of a Function
The range of f is the set of all values that the function takes when x takes values in the domain.
Example: Find the range of function f defined by:
f ( x ) = x 2 2
The domain of this function is the set of all real numbers. The range is the set ofvalues that f(x) takes as x varies. If x is a real number, x 2 is either positive or zero. Hence we can write the following:
x 2 >= 0
Subtract -2 to both sides to obtain
x 2 2 >= 2
The last inequality indicates that x 2 2 takes all values greater that or equal to -2. The range of f is given by
[ -2 ,+infinity)

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