# Let N(x) be the statement “x has visited North India,” where the domain consists of the students in your section. Express each of these quantifications in English. a) ∃xN(x), b) ∀xN(x), c) ¬∃xN(x), d) ∃x¬N(x), e) ¬∀xN(x), f ) ∀x¬N(x) Question
Analyzing categorical data Let N(x) be the statement “x has visited North India,” where the domain consists of the students in your section. Express each of these quantifications in English. $$\displaystyle{a}{)}∃{x}{N}{\left({x}\right)},{b}{)}∀{x}{N}{\left({x}\right)},{c}{)}¬∃{x}{N}{\left({x}\right)},{d}{)}∃{x}¬{N}{\left({x}\right)},{e}{)}¬∀{x}{N}{\left({x}\right)},{f}{)}∀{x}¬{N}{\left({x}\right)}$$ 2021-02-14
(a)There exists a student that has visited North India.
(b)Every student has visited North India.
(c)It is not true that there exists a student that has visited North India,
(d)There exists a student that has not visited North India,
(ec)It is not true that every student that has visited North India.
(f)None students have visited North India.

### Relevant Questions A wallstreet journal subcriber survey asked 46 questions about subcribers characteristics and interest. State whether each of the following questions provides categorical or quantitative data.
b. Are you male or females?
c. When did you first start reading the WSJ? High school , college, early career, midcareer, late career, or retirement?
d. How long have you been in your present job or position?
e. What type of vehicle are you considering for you next purchase? Nine response categories include sedan, sports car, SUV, minivan, and so on. A new thermostat has been engineered for the frozen food cases in large supermarkets. Both the old and new thermostats hold temperatures at an average of $$25^{\circ}F$$. However, it is hoped that the new thermostat might be more dependable in the sense that it will hold temperatures closer to $$25^{\circ}F$$. One frozen food case was equipped with the new thermostat, and a random sample of 21 temperature readings gave a sample variance of 5.1. Another similar frozen food case was equipped with the old thermostat, and a random sample of 19 temperature readings gave a sample variance of 12.8. Test the claim that the population variance of the old thermostat temperature readings is larger than that for the new thermostat. Use a $$5\%$$ level of significance. How could your test conclusion relate to the question regarding the dependability of the temperature readings? (Let population 1 refer to data from the old thermostat.)
(a) What is the level of significance?
State the null and alternate hypotheses.
$$H0:?_{1}^{2}=?_{2}^{2},H1:?_{1}^{2}>?_{2}^{2}H0:?_{1}^{2}=?_{2}^{2},H1:?_{1}^{2}\neq?_{2}^{2}H0:?_{1}^{2}=?_{2}^{2},H1:?_{1}^{2}?_{2}^{2},H1:?_{1}^{2}=?_{2}^{2}$$
(b) Find the value of the sample F statistic. (Round your answer to two decimal places.)
What are the degrees of freedom?
$$df_{N} = ?$$
$$df_{D} = ?$$
What assumptions are you making about the original distribution?
The populations follow independent normal distributions. We have random samples from each population.The populations follow dependent normal distributions. We have random samples from each population.The populations follow independent normal distributions.The populations follow independent chi-square distributions. We have random samples from each population.
(c) Find or estimate the P-value of the sample test statistic. (Round your answer to four decimal places.)
(d) Based on your answers in parts (a) to (c), will you reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis?
At the ? = 0.05 level, we fail to reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are not statistically significant.At the ? = 0.05 level, we fail to reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are statistically significant. At the ? = 0.05 level, we reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are not statistically significant.At the ? = 0.05 level, we reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are statistically significant.
(e) Interpret your conclusion in the context of the application.
Reject the null hypothesis, there is sufficient evidence that the population variance is larger in the old thermostat temperature readings.Fail to reject the null hypothesis, there is sufficient evidence that the population variance is larger in the old thermostat temperature readings. Fail to reject the null hypothesis, there is insufficient evidence that the population variance is larger in the old thermostat temperature readings.Reject the null hypothesis, there is insufficient evidence that the population variance is larger in the old thermostat temperature readings. Find the mean, median, mode, and range for each data set given.
a. 7, 12, 1, 7, 6, 5, 11
b. 85, 105, 95, 90, 115
c. 10, 14, 16, 16, 8, 9, 11, 12, 3
d. 10, 8, 7, 5, 9, 10, 7
e. 45, 50, 40, 35, 75
f. 15, 11, 11, 16, 16, 9 Select the best suitable answer. If none of the choices represents a correct answer, select “Other” and write your own answer. The school cafeteria collects data on students’ juice box selections. This is an example of
A numerical, ordinal data.
B numerical, nominal data.
C categorical, ordinal data.
D categorical, nominal data. Nonparametric procedures can be applied to:
A)Categorical data
B)Data with an unknown distribution
C)Normally-distributed data
D)All of these responses are correct Let D be the set of all students at your school, and let M(s) be a ”s is a math major”, let C(s)”s is a computer science student”, and let E(s) be ”s is an engineering student.” Express each of the following statements using quantifiers, variables, and predicates M(s), C(s) and E(s) For each of the following variables, indicate whether they are categorical or numerical. Also, write down what type of graph can be drawn for each.
a) Position of a university staff members.
b) Weight of participants.
C Air temperature on the Celsius scale
D) The daily number of code lines written by a programmer 1. Find each of the requested values for a population with a mean of $$? = 40$$, and a standard deviation of $$? = 8$$ A. What is the z-score corresponding to $$X = 52?$$ B. What is the X value corresponding to $$z = - 0.50?$$ C. If all of the scores in the population are transformed into z-scores, what will be the values for the mean and standard deviation for the complete set of z-scores? D. What is the z-score corresponding to a sample mean of $$M=42$$ for a sample of $$n = 4$$ scores? E. What is the z-scores corresponding to a sample mean of $$M= 42$$ for a sample of $$n = 6$$ scores? 2. True or false: a. All normal distributions are symmetrical b. All normal distributions have a mean of 1.0 c. All normal distributions have a standard deviation of 1.0 d. The total area under the curve of all normal distributions is equal to 1 3. Interpret the location, direction, and distance (near or far) of the following zscores: $$a. -2.00 b. 1.25 c. 3.50 d. -0.34$$ 4. You are part of a trivia team and have tracked your team’s performance since you started playing, so you know that your scores are normally distributed with $$\mu = 78$$ and $$\sigma = 12$$. Recently, a new person joined the team, and you think the scores have gotten better. Use hypothesis testing to see if the average score has improved based on the following 8 weeks’ worth of score data: $$82, 74, 62, 68, 79, 94, 90, 81, 80$$. 5. You get hired as a server at a local restaurant, and the manager tells you that servers’ tips are $42 on average but vary about $$12 (\mu = 42, \sigma = 12)$$. You decide to track your tips to see if you make a different amount, but because this is your first job as a server, you don’t know if you will make more or less in tips. After working 16 shifts, you find that your average nightly amount is$44.50 from tips. Test for a difference between this value and the population mean at the $$\alpha = 0.05$$ level of significance.  Use a calculator with a $$y^x$$ key or a key to solve: India is currently one of the world’s fastest-growing countries. By 2040, the population of India will be larger than the population of China, by 2050, nearly one-third of the world’s population will live in these two countries alone. The exponential function $$f(x)=574(1.026)^x$$ models the population of India, f(x), in millions, x years after 1974.