# Find the number of terms in the following geometric series: 100 + 99 + 98.01 + ... + 36.97

4enevi 2022-10-17 Answered
Find the number of terms in the following geometric series: 100 + 99 + 98.01 + ... + 36.97
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## Answers (1)

exalantaswo
Answered 2022-10-18 Author has 14 answers
A geometric series is a series of the form
${a}_{0}+{a}_{0}r+{a}_{0}{r}^{2}+{a}_{0}{r}^{3}+...$
where ${a}_{0}$ is the initial term and r is the common ratio between terms. We can easily find r by dividing any term after the first by the prior term. So in this case we have
${a}_{0}=100$ and $r=\frac{99}{100}=0.99$
Now, looking at the general form of the series, we can see that the ${n}^{\text{th}}$ term has the form ${a}_{0}{r}^{n-1}$. Thus, as we have the last term in the series, we simply need to solve for n for that term to find the total number of terms.
$36.97={a}_{0}{r}^{n-1}=100{\left(0.99\right)}^{n-1}$
$⇒0.3697={0.99}^{n-1}$
$⇒\mathrm{ln}\left(0.3697\right)=\mathrm{ln}\left({0.99}^{n-1}\right)=\left(n-1\right)\mathrm{ln}\left(0.99\right)$
$⇒n=\frac{\mathrm{ln}\left(0.3697\right)}{\mathrm{ln}\left(0.99\right)}+1\approx 100$
Thus there are 100 terms in the series.
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