De Broglie Wavelength interpretation
I've just started learning about the double slit experiment (just in the short appendix section in Schroeder's Thermal Physics), and I'm extremely confused by this one thing:
In it, out of basically nowhere he pulls out the De Broglie equation, that λ = h/p.
I've studied double slit diffraction before, and I've been trying to connect them in order to understand what this wavelength actually means.
In double slit diffraction, when the wavelength is larger, the diffraction "stripes" that form on the wall appear further apart. They also appear larger.
y = (approx, considering the distance to the screen is really large and thus almost parallel rays (drawn out waves) can have a path difference and interfere)
If we were to make the wavelength extremely small, that would mean that anything a little off-center would interfere, so the smaller the wavelength, the closer together the "stripes" on the wall would be.
Now, when we connect the 2 equations, this means that the faster the electrons are moving (the smaller their wavelength) the more places they will interfere on the wall, and therefore there will be a lesser distance between adjacent places where the electrons hit (bright spots) and places where they don't (dark spots).
The way I'm interpreting this is that the smaller the "wavelength" of the electron, the more the probability it has to have been in different places at the same time, that is, the less we can know its position. That's why more stripes will appear on the detecting screen because there are more positions which the electron could've been in, and since its technically in all of them at the same time while it travels, it can interfere with itself more.
Is this interpretation correct? Does a faster momentum (a smaller wavelength) mean that the electron literally is at more places at the same time while it travels from the electron gun, through the slits, and to the wall? Thank you!