Find confidence levels from given intervals. A set of 40 data items, produces a confidence interval for the population mean of 94.93<mu<105.07. If sum x^2=424375, find the confidence level.

Landen Salinas 2022-09-27 Answered
Find confidence levels from given intervals
A set of 40 data items, produces a confidence interval for the population mean of 94.93 < μ < 105.07. If x 2 = 424 375, find the confidence level.
So the idea of confidence intervals is still rather new to me and one that isn't fully clear in my mind, would someone be able to give me some hints about solving this and explain what they are doing to solve it.
I get that the confidence interval is given by
x ¯ z σ n < μ < x ¯ + z σ n
and that z = Φ 1 ( c ) where c is the confidence level, however this is as far as my knowledge goes.
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Answers (2)

altaryjny94
Answered 2022-09-28 Author has 14 answers
Step 1
To match the confidence interval with your numerical data, we get
x ¯ z σ n = 94.93
and x ¯ + z σ n = 105.07
You are interested in the confidence level, which you could know if you get z, i.e. via the normal tail. Subtracting both equations you get
2 z σ n = 105.07 94.93 = 10.14
so z = 10.14 2 σ n
Since your sample size consists of 40 elements, then n = 40, hence
z = 10.14 2 σ 40
and your σ could be estimated using an unbiased estimator
σ 2 = i = 1 40 x i 2 1 n ( i = 1 40 x i ) 2 n 1 = 424375 1 40 ( i = 1 40 x i ) 2 40 1
Step 2
The sum x i is nothing other than i = 1 40 x i = n x ¯ which could be obtained by adding the first two equations:
2 x ¯ = 105.07 + 94.93 = 200
hence
x ¯ = 100
so
i = 1 40 x i = n x ¯ = 40 ( 100 ) = 4000
Replacing we get
σ = 424375 1 40 ( 4000 ) 2 40 1
So
z = 10.14 2 424375 1 40 ( 4000 ) 2 40 1 40
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kennadiceKesezt
Answered 2022-09-29 Author has 2 answers
Step 1
If z = Φ 1 ( c ), then let the 100 ( 2 c 1 ) % confidence interval for μ be μ 1 < μ < μ 2 .
This is because the normal distribution (which is what we are assuming here) is two-tailed, so we have that
P ( X < z ) = c , P ( X > z ) = 1 c
and we seek the region P ( z < X < z ) = c ( 1 c ) = 2 c 1 due to symmetry. Here, X is just a random variable.
Step 2
Therefore, using the standard inequalities for confidence intervals, we obtain the following equalities
(1) x ¯ z σ n = μ 1
(2) x ¯ + z σ n = μ 2 .
Adding the two yields x ¯ = ( μ 1 + μ 2 ) / 2, or that
(3) x i = n 2 ( μ 1 + μ 2 ) .
Similarly, performing ( 2 ) ( 1 ) results in
(4) z σ n = μ 2 μ 1 2 z = ( μ 2 μ 1 ) n 2 σ
but recall that the unbiased estimator for the variance is
(5) σ 2 = x i 2 1 n ( x i ) 2 n 1 .
You now have enough information to calculate z, and thus c = Φ ( z ).
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