How to recognize what type of probability distribution to use in solving probability problems?

Bernoulli's, Binomial, Geometric, Hypergeometric, Negative binomial, Poisson's, Uniform, Exponential, Normal, Gamma, Beta, Chi square, Student's distribution.

I would like to know how and when to use each of these distributions when solving problems in probability. If possible, make analogy with combinatorics (when we use permutations, variations and combinations).

Bernoulli's, Binomial, Geometric, Hypergeometric, Negative binomial, Poisson's, Uniform, Exponential, Normal, Gamma, Beta, Chi square, Student's distribution.

I would like to know how and when to use each of these distributions when solving problems in probability. If possible, make analogy with combinatorics (when we use permutations, variations and combinations).