 # How many 8 digit numbers are there that contain both a 5 and a 6? Number of 8 digit numbers containing both a 5 and a 6= Number of 8 digit numbers - Number of 8 digit numbers lacking both a 5and a 6=90000000−7∗8^7=75319936 Does this seem right? cochetezgh 2022-09-11 Answered
How many $8$ digit numbers are there that contain both a $5$ and a $6$?
Number of $8$ digit numbers containing both a $5$ and a $6$
= Number of $8$ digit numbers - Number of $8$ digit numbers lacking both a $5$ and a $6$
$=90000000-7\ast {8}^{7}$
$=75319936$
Does this seem right?
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A number not containing both $5$ and $6$, either doesn't contain $5$ or doesn't contain $6$ (or both). For example, the number $5$ doesn't contain both $5$ and $6$. However, it does contain $5$.
You need to use inclusion-exclusion:
- Start with all $9\cdot {10}^{7}$ numbers with exactly $8$ digits.
- Remove all $8\cdot {9}^{7}$ numbers not containing $5$.
- Remove all $8\cdot {9}^{7}$ numbers not containing $6$.
- Numbers containing neither $5$ nor $6$ were removed twice, so we add them once to compensate: $7\cdot {8}^{7}$.
- In total, the result is $9\cdot {10}^{7}-2\cdot 8\cdot {9}^{7}+7\cdot {8}^{7}.$
Now let's check ourselves by seeing what happens for one-digit numbers and two-digit numbers. For one-digit numbers we get
$9-16+7=0,$
and indeed no single-digit number can contain both 5 and 6. For two-digit numbers we get
$90-144+56=2,$
and the two numbers in question are $56$ and $65$.

We have step-by-step solutions for your answer! Felix Cohen
A different (more complicated) way to solve this is to enumerate on the possible first locations of 5 and 6, calculate explicitly how many numbers there are of this form (easy), and then summing everything up (hard). This is simpler to do if you don't care about "exactly 8 digits" (put otherwise, it's simpler to calculate the number for "up to 8 digits" and then subtract the analogous count for "up to 7 digits").

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