A manager at ACME Equipment Sale and Rental wondered how offering a free two-year service warranty on its tractors might influence sales. For the next 500 customers who expressed interest in buying a tractor, 250 were randomly offered a warranty, and the rest did not receive. Ninety-three of those offering a warranty, and fifty-four of those not offering a warranty ended up buying a tractor.
a. Construct a \(95\%\) confidence interval for the difference between the proportions of customers purchasing tractors with and without warranties. Be sure to check all necessary assumptions and interpret the interval.
b. Test the hypothesis that offering the warranty increases the proportion of customers who eventually purchase a tractor. Be sure to check all necessary assumptions, state the null and alternative hypotheses, obtain the p-value, and state your conclusion. Should a manager offer a warranty based on this test?