Prove that a group of even order must have an element of order 2.

Prove that a group of even order must have an element of order 2.

Abstract algebra
asked 2021-01-06
Prove that a group of even order must have an element of order 2.

Answers (1)

To show: thereexist some x in G such that order of x is 2.
Let \(\displaystyle{S}={\left\lbrace{x}\in{G}{\mid}{\left|{x}\right|}{>}{2}\right\rbrace}\)
Let \(\displaystyle{l}\in{S}\)
Since order of any element in group is equal to order of its inverse, thus \(\displaystyle{\left|{l}^{{-{{1}}}}\right|}={\left|{l}\right|}{>}{2}\)
Hence, \(\displaystyle{l}^{{{l}\in{S}}}\)
Since, |l|>2 it implies that \(\displaystyle{l}\ne{l}^{{-{{1}}}}\). Hence every lement in S can be paired off with its inverse which is also on S. Thus, S otains even number of elements
Since , identity element is unique in a group, therefore G must have an element of order 2 in order to \(\displaystyle\frac{{G}}{{S}}\) with even number of elements.
Therefore, a group of even order must have an element of order 2.

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