For example lets say you were trying to (a) write a regular expression for the language A of binary strings whose length is divisible by three (b) the language B of all binary strings that do not contain two consecutive 1's. Where would I start?

Deromediqm 2022-07-17 Answered
For example lets say you were trying to
(a) write a regular expression for the language A of binary strings whose length is divisible by three
(b) the language B of all binary strings that do not contain two consecutive 1's.
Where would I start?
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Answers (1)

Kitamiliseakekw
Answered 2022-07-18 Author has 23 answers
Step 1
One very straightforward approach to (a) is to begin by listing the 8 binary strings of length 3. Every string whose length is a multiple of 3 must be formed by concatenating those strings. I’ll illustrate with strings of even length: any string of even length can be segmented into two-character chunks, each of which must be 00,01,10, or 11, so the binary strings of even length are described by the regular expression ( 00 + 01 + 10 + 11 ) . (You may use some other symbol than + to indicate alternatives; common alternatives are ∣, , and .)
Step 2
Problem (b) is a little harder. The condition says that if a string contains a 1 at all, that 1 must either be the last symbol in the string or be followed immediately by a 0. Ignore for a moment the exceptional case of a final 1; if we just require that every 1 be followed immediately by a 0, we’re allowing precisely those strings that can be built by concatenating 0’s and 10’s, i.e., the strings described by the regular expression ( 0 + 10 ) . We’d like to have all of those strings, but also all strings that consist of one of those followed by a single 1; how can you modify or extend the regular expression to include the latter type as well as the former?
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