The accompanying two-way table was constructed using data in the article “Television Viewing and Physical Fitness in Adults” (Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1990: 315–320). The author hoped to determine whether time spent watching television is associated with cardiovascular fitness. Subjects were asked about their television-viewing habits and were classified as physically fit if they scored in the excellent or very good category on a step test. We include MINITAB output from a chi-squared analysis. The four TV groups corresponded to different amounts of time per day spent watching TV (0, 1–2, 3–4, or 5 or more hours). The 168 individuals represented in the first column were those judged physically fit. Expected counts appear below observed counts, and MINITAB displays the contribution to from each cell.
State and test the appropriate hypotheses using
Refer to the Journal of Applied Psychology (Jan. 2011) study of the determinants of task performance. In addition to
Straight Lines Graph the straight lines in Exercises 1–3.
Then find the change in y for a one-unit change in x, find the point at which the line crosses the y-axis, and calculate the value of y when x 52.5.
Scatterplots For the scatterplots in Exercises 5 describe the pattern that you see. How strong is the pattern? Do you see any outliers or clusters?