Site the implications of Bronfenbrenner's theory to the child's development. Give examples in each ecological system.

beatricalwu 2022-07-15 Answered
Site the implications of Bronfenbrenner's theory to the child's development. Give examples in each ecological system.
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Minbutastc
Answered 2022-07-16 Author has 14 answers
Urie Bronfenbrenner (April 29, 1917 to September 25, 2005) was a Russian born American psychologist who is most known for his Ecological systems theory of psychological development.
Bronfenbrenner saw the process of human development as being shaped by the interaction between an individual and his or her environment. This theory argues that a person's development was affected by everything in their surroundings.
Bronfenbrenner developed a different model which is mostly based on hierarchy of environment. His hierarchy of environment consists of five systems. These systems are organised in a nested manner and have their respective direct or indirect impact on the individual, who is to interact or influence by these five systems. Also Bronfenbrenner described these five systems positioned in nested manner as stated below.
Micro system : It is the innermost system and located in the central place, where the individual lives. The individual is surrounded here by its own family, peers, neighbours and many more institutions like social and educational. This system is mostly responsible for shaping and streamlining the individual behaviour.
Mesosystem : It refers to the region which is close and next to most system. It involves the reflection of certain behaviour caused out of certain interlinkage among elements of micro system sunch as family, school, peers neighborhood etc. For example family experience of child may affect his interaction with peers, schoolmates, teachers and neighbours. Also when the children from good families show adjustment with peers, others from broken families experience difficulty in their adjustment. This the interaction in micro system leads to the reflection in mesosystem.
Exosystem : It is that system which affects the behaviour of the individual for the experience in some other settings which is not close to the existing one. In fact it is an experience of a particular settings that affects the behaviourial manifestation in some other settings. For example a person's experience at home affects interaction with his colleagues at workplace.
Macrosystem : By birth or are and nurture a person becomes a member of a particular culture. Culture includes tradition and practice, values and beliefs of a particular society or group of people. A person is supposed to share all these which mostly shared by majority of that culture. Thus macrosystem which is considered as culture influence and impress the individual for its behaviourial outcome.
Chronosytem : Life span development is a lifelong process that shapes and mould the behaviour of an individual. Throughout the process there is change in life course and the behaviour is shaped by its historical and cultural context. For example the behaviour of an adult is potential and optimistic, whereas an aged is less potential and less optimistic. So chronosytem is that which involves change in human behaviour that caused out of social historical condition.
Educational Implication :
Institutions should create an environment that welcomes families and develop opportunities to enhance parental involvement and engagement wih the school.
Teacher needs to work to support the primary child adult relationship
Teacher should aware the child's environment system in order to understand more about the characteristics and needs of the child.
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