Question

Discover prove: Combining Rational and Irrationalnumbers is 1.2+sqrt2 rational or irrational? Is 1/2*sqrt2 rational or irrational? Experiment with sum

Irrational numbers
ANSWERED
asked 2021-03-09
Discover prove: Combining Rational and Irrationalnumbers is \(\displaystyle{1.2}+\sqrt{{2}}\) rational or irrational? Is \(\displaystyle\frac{{1}}{{2}}\cdot\sqrt{{2}}\) rational or irrational? Experiment with sums and products of ther rational and irrational numbers. Prove the followinf.
(a) The sum of rational number r and an irrational number t is irrational.
(b) The product of a rational number r and an irrational number t is irrational.

Answers (1)

2021-03-10
Solution:- Combining Rational numbers and irrational numbers:
Rational Numbers:- Numbers which either terminating or none-terminating Repeating. and can be convertible in the form of \(\displaystyle\frac{{p}}{{q}}\) where \(\displaystyle{p},{q}\in{R}\) and \(\displaystyle{q}\ne{0}\) is known as Rational numbers
Irrational numbers:- The Numbers which are non- terminating and non-repeating and all square root of prime numbers is known as Irrational numbers.
Yes \(\displaystyle{12}+\sqrt{{2}}\) is irrational number.
Yes \(\displaystyle{12}\cdot\sqrt{{2}}=\frac{{1}}{\sqrt{{2}}}\) is irrational number.
a) prove that sum of rational number and irratoional number is irrational.
Given that :− r be a rational number and t be an irrational number.To prove:− sum of rational number and irratoional number is irrational.
i.e. (r+t)=irrational
Proof:−It is given that r is rational, t is irrational,and assume that is (r+t) rational.
Since a and a+b are rational, we can write them as fraction. Let, r=ap and (r+t)=bp'
\(\displaystyle\Rightarrow{a}{p}+{t}={b}{p}'\)
\(\displaystyle\Rightarrow{t}={b}{p}'−{a}{p}\)
\(\displaystyle\Rightarrow{t}={b}{p}'+{\left(−{a}{p}\right)}\)
\(\displaystyle\Rightarrow{t}=\) (rational number)+(rational number)
\(\displaystyle\Rightarrow{t}=\) rational number(sum of two rational numbers is always rational number)
but \(\displaystyle{t}=\) irratational which is contradiction.
Hence (r+t)= Irrational number.
Hence proved.
b) prove that product of rational number and irratoional number is irrational.
Given that :− r be a rational number and t be an irrational number.
To prove:−product of rational number and irratoional number is irrational.
i.e. (r*t)=irrational
Proof:−It is given that r is rational, t is irrational, and assume that is (r*t) rational.
Since a and a*b are rational, we can write them as fraction
r=ap
and PSK(r×t)=bp'
\(\displaystyle\Rightarrow{a}{p}\cdot{t}={b}{p}'\)
\(\displaystyle\Rightarrow{t}=\frac{{{b}{p}'}}{{{a}{p}}}\)
\(\displaystyle\Rightarrow{t}=\frac{{{b}{p}'}}{{{a}{p}}}\)
\(\displaystyle\Rightarrow{t}=\) (rational number)/(rational number)
\(\displaystyle\Rightarrow{t}=\) rational number(rational number of two rational numbers is always rational number)
but t= irratational
which is contradiction.
Hence (r*t)= Irrational number. Hence proved.
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