 # I've been working on this differential equation for days now but I can not find a solution. I unders lnwlf1728112xo85f 2022-05-11 Answered
I've been working on this differential equation for days now but I can not find a solution. I understand that finding a solution in closed form is difficult to say (assuming there is). What I ask is if there is a substitution (change of variables) that can "transform" this differential equation from the second order to the first order so that it is not too constrained. Thank you for your interest and time.

where
You can still ask an expert for help

• Live experts 24/7
• Questions are typically answered in as fast as 30 minutes
• Personalized clear answers

Solve your problem for the price of one coffee

• Math expert for every subject
• Pay only if we can solve it Astok3mpd
Here is a way to make it into a first degree equation. We have
${y}^{″}\left(x\right)+ax\mathrm{cos}y\left(x\right)=0$
So we can multiply by ${y}^{\prime }\left(x\right)$ to get
${y}^{″}{y}^{\prime }+ax\mathrm{cos}\left(y\right){y}^{\prime }=0$
Now we can integrate to get
$\int {y}^{″}{y}^{\prime }dx+\int ax\mathrm{cos}\left(y\right){y}^{\prime }dx=\int 0dx$
For the first integral, we can set $u={y}^{\prime }$, $du={y}^{″}dx$ to get
$\int u{y}^{″}dx=\int udu={u}^{2}+C={y}^{\prime }\left(x{\right)}^{2}+{C}_{1}$
Here is a way to make it into a first degree equation. We havey''(x)+axcosy(x)=0So we can multiply by y'(x) to gety''y'+axcos(y)y'=0Now we can integrate to get∫y''y'dx+∫axcos(y)y'dx=∫0dxFor the first integral, we can set u=y', du=y''dx to get∫uy''dx=∫udu=u2+C=y'(x)2+C1For the second rule we use product rule with $f\left(x\right)=ax$ and ${g}^{\prime }\left(x\right)=\mathrm{cos}\left(y\right){y}^{\prime }$
So we have ${f}^{\prime }\left(x\right)=a$ and $g\left(x\right)=\mathrm{sin}\left(y\right)$
Now we apply integration by parts to obtain
$\int f\left(x\right){g}^{\prime }\left(x\right)dx=f\left(x\right)g\left(x\right)-\int {f}^{\prime }\left(x\right)g\left(x\right)dx=f\left(x\right)g\left(x\right)-\int a{g}^{\prime }\left(x\right)dx$
$=f\left(x\right)g\left(x\right)-ag\left(x\right)+{C}_{2}=a\left(x-1\right)\mathrm{sin}\left(y\right)+{C}_{2}$
Then we have your first order differential equation
${y}^{\prime }\left(x{\right)}^{2}+a\left(x-1\right)\mathrm{sin}\left(y\left(x\right)\right)=C$

We have step-by-step solutions for your answer!