The document Arizona Residential Property Valuation System, published by the Arizona Department of Revenue, describes how county assessors use compute

Chardonnay Felix 2021-02-24 Answered
The document Arizona Residential Property Valuation System, published by the Arizona Department of Revenue, describes how county assessors use computerized systems to value single-family residential properties for property tax purposes. a) Obtain a scatterplot for the data. b) Decide whether finding a regression line for the data is reasonable. If so, then also do parts (c)-(f). c) Determine and interpret the regression equation for the data. d) Identify potential outliers and influential observations. e) In case a potential outlier is present, remove it and discuss the effect. f) In case a potential influential observation is present, remove it and discuss the effect.
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yunitsiL
Answered 2021-02-25 Author has 108 answers

Given: n= Sample size =44 a) Lot Size is on the horizontal axis and value is on the vertical axis. image b) It is reasonable to find a regression lien for the data if there is no strong curvature present in the scatterplot. We note that there is no strong curvature in the scatterplot of part (a) and thus it is reasonable to find a regression line for the data. c) Let us first determine the necessary sums:  xi=101.93
 xi2=241.5221
 yi=19689
 xiyi=45973.23 Next, we can determine Sxx and Sxy
Sxx=  xi2  ( xi)2n=241.5221  101.93244=5.3920
Sxy=  xiyi  ( xi)( yi)n=45973.23  101.93  1968944=361.8716 The estimate b of the slope β is the ratio of Sxy and Sxx: b= SxySxx= 361.87165.3920=67.1128 The mean is the sum of all values divided by the number of values: x=  xin= 101.9344=2.3166
y=  yin= 1968944=447.4773 The estimate a of the intercept α is the average of y decreased by the product of the estimate of the slope and the average of x. a= y  b x=447.4773  67.1128  2.3166=292.0043 General least-squares equation: y^= α + β x. Replace α by a=292.0043 and β by b=67.1128 in the general least-squares equation: y=a + bx=292.0043 + 67.1128x d) There appear to be no outliers, because the right most point lies much futher to the right than the other points in the graph. The outlier also appears to be a potential outlier, because it is possible that this point pulls the regression line down. e) Let us first determine the necessary sums:  xi=98.31
 xi2=228.4177
 yi=19314
 xiyi=44615.73 Next, we can determine S× and S

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