Sally has caught covid but doesn’t know it yet. She is testing herself with rapid antigen kits which have an 80% probability of returning a positive result for an infected person. For the purpose of this question you can assume that the results of repeated tests are independent.

a) If sally uses 3 test kits what is the probability that at least one will return a positive result?

b) In 3 tests, what is the expected number of positive results?

c) Sally has gotten her hands on more effective tests, these ones have a 90% probability of returning a positive result for an infected person. If she tested herself

twice with the new tests, how many positive results would she expect to see?