(10%) In R^2, there are two sets of coordinate systems, represented by two distinct bases: (x_1, y_1) and (x_2, y_2). If the equations of the same ellipse represented by the two distinct bases are described as follows, respectively: 2(x_1)^2 -4(x_1)(y_1) + 5(y_1)^2 - 36 = 0 and (x_2)^2 + 6(y_2)^2 - 36 = 0. Find the transformation matrix between these two coordinate systems: (x_1, y_1) and (x_2, y_2).

Question
Alternate coordinate systems
asked 2021-01-31
(10%) In R^2, there are two sets of coordinate systems, represented by two distinct bases: (x_1, y_1) and (x_2, y_2). If the equations of the same ellipse represented by the two distinct bases are described as follows, respectively: 2(x_1)^2 -4(x_1)(y_1) + 5(y_1)^2 - 36 = 0 and (x_2)^2 + 6(y_2)^2 - 36 = 0. Find the transformation matrix between these two coordinate systems: (x_1, y_1) and (x_2, y_2).

Answers (1)

2021-02-01
Let the transformation matrix be \(\displaystyle{A}={b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{P}&{Q}\backslash{R}&{S}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{N}{S}{K}{A}={b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{X}{1}\backslash{Y}{1}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}={b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{P}&{Q}\backslash{R}&{S}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{X}{1}\backslash{Y}{1}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}={b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{P}{X}{1}+{Q}{Y}{1}\backslash{R}{X}{1}+{S}{Y}{1}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}={b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{X}{2}\backslash{Y}{2}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{N}{S}{K}{X}{2}={\left[{P}{X}{1}+{Q}{Y}{1}\right]}{N}{S}{K}{Y}{2}={\left[{R}{X}{1}+{S}{Y}{1}\right]}\) Putting in thhe given EQN. \(\displaystyle{\left[{P}{X}{1}+{Q}{Y}{1}\right]}^{{2}}+{6}{\left[{R}{X}{1}+{S}{Y}{1}\right]}^{{2}}-{36}={2}{X}{1}^{{2}}-{4}{X}{1}{Y}{1}+{5}{Y}{1}^{{2}}-{36}{N}{S}{K}{P}{2}+{6}{R}{2}={2}{N}{S}{K}{Q}{2}+{6}{S}{2}={5}{N}{S}{K}{2}{P}{Q}+{12}{R}{S}=-{4}\ldots\ldots{P}{Q}+{6}{R}{S}=-{2}\) Since the conversion is from a non homogeneus to homogeneous QN., Which is obtained by rotation through angle tyou can use the following transformation matrix as a formula \(\displaystyle{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{C}{O}{S}{\left({T}\right)}&{S}{I}{N}{\left({T}\right)}\backslash-{S}{I}{N}{\left({T}\right)}&{C}{O}{S}{\left({T}\right)}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{X}{1}\backslash{Y}{1}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}={b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{X}{2}\backslash{Y}{2}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}\) Where \(\displaystyle{T}={\frac{{{1}}}{{{2}}}}{{\tan}^{{-{1}}}{\left({\frac{{{2}{H}}}{{{A}-{B}}}}\right)}}\) Where \(\displaystyle{H}={C}{O}{E}{F}{F}{I}{C}{I}{E}{N}{T}{O}{F}{X}{1}{Y}{1}=-{4}\) A = COEFFICIENT OF X1^2 = 2ZSK B = COEFFICIENT OF Y1^2 = 5ZSK Solving we get \(\displaystyle{P}={0.89443}\ldots\ldots{Q}={0.44721}\ldots\ldots{R}=--{0.44721}\ldots\ldots\ldots{S}={0.89443}\) Hence the transformation matrix is \(\displaystyle{A}={b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{0.89443}&{0.44721}\backslash-{0.44721}&{0.89443}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}\)
0

Relevant Questions

asked 2021-01-30
A line L through the origin in \(\displaystyle\mathbb{R}^{{3}}\) can be represented by parametric equations of the form x = at, y = bt, and z = ct. Use these equations to show that L is a subspase of \(\displaystyle\mathbb{R}^{{3}}{b}{y}{s}{h}{o}{w}\in{g}{t}\hat{{\quad\text{if}\quad}}{v}_{{1}}={\left({x}_{{1}},{y}_{{1}},{z}_{{1}}\right)}{\quad\text{and}\quad}{v}_{{2}}={\left({x}_{{2}},{y}_{{2}},{z}_{{2}}\right)}{a}{r}{e}{p}\oint{s}{o}{n}{L}{\quad\text{and}\quad}{k}{i}{s}{a}{n}{y}{r}{e}{a}{l}\nu{m}{b}{e}{r},{t}{h}{e}{n}{k}{v}_{{1}}{\quad\text{and}\quad}{v}_{{1}}+{v}_{{2}}\) are also points on L.
asked 2020-12-25
Case: Dr. Jung’s Diamonds Selection
With Christmas coming, Dr. Jung became interested in buying diamonds for his wife. After perusing the Web, he learned about the “4Cs” of diamonds: cut, color, clarity, and carat. He knew his wife wanted round-cut earrings mounted in white gold settings, so he immediately narrowed his focus to evaluating color, clarity, and carat for that style earring.
After a bit of searching, Dr. Jung located a number of earring sets that he would consider purchasing. But he knew the pricing of diamonds varied considerably. To assist in his decision making, Dr. Jung decided to use regression analysis to develop a model to predict the retail price of different sets of round-cut earrings based on their color, clarity, and carat scores. He assembled the data in the file Diamonds.xls for this purpose. Use this data to answer the following questions for Dr. Jung.
1) Prepare scatter plots showing the relationship between the earring prices (Y) and each of the potential independent variables. What sort of relationship does each plot suggest?
2) Let X1, X2, and X3 represent diamond color, clarity, and carats, respectively. If Dr. Jung wanted to build a linear regression model to estimate earring prices using these variables, which variables would you recommend that he use? Why?
3) Suppose Dr. Jung decides to use clarity (X2) and carats (X3) as independent variables in a regression model to predict earring prices. What is the estimated regression equation? What is the value of the R2 and adjusted-R2 statistics?
4) Use the regression equation identified in the previous question to create estimated prices for each of the earring sets in Dr. Jung’s sample. Which sets of earrings appear to be overpriced and which appear to be bargains? Based on this analysis, which set of earrings would you suggest that Dr. Jung purchase?
5) Dr. Jung now remembers that it sometimes helps to perform a square root transformation on the dependent variable in a regression problem. Modify your spreadsheet to include a new dependent variable that is the square root on the earring prices (use Excel’s SQRT( ) function). If Dr. Jung wanted to build a linear regression model to estimate the square root of earring prices using the same independent variables as before, which variables would you recommend that he use? Why?
1
6) Suppose Dr. Jung decides to use clarity (X2) and carats (X3) as independent variables in a regression model to predict the square root of the earring prices. What is the estimated regression equation? What is the value of the R2 and adjusted-R2 statistics?
7) Use the regression equation identified in the previous question to create estimated prices for each of the earring sets in Dr. Jung’s sample. (Remember, your model estimates the square root of the earring prices. So you must actually square the model’s estimates to convert them to price estimates.) Which sets of earring appears to be overpriced and which appear to be bargains? Based on this analysis, which set of earrings would you suggest that Dr. Jung purchase?
8) Dr. Jung now also remembers that it sometimes helps to include interaction terms in a regression model—where you create a new independent variable as the product of two of the original variables. Modify your spreadsheet to include three new independent variables, X4, X5, and X6, representing interaction terms where: X4 = X1 × X2, X5 = X1 × X3, and X6 = X2 × X3. There are now six potential independent variables. If Dr. Jung wanted to build a linear regression model to estimate the square root of earring prices using the same independent variables as before, which variables would you recommend that he use? Why?
9) Suppose Dr. Jung decides to use color (X1), carats (X3) and the interaction terms X4 (color * clarity) and X5 (color * carats) as independent variables in a regression model to predict the square root of the earring prices. What is the estimated regression equation? What is the value of the R2 and adjusted-R2 statistics?
10) Use the regression equation identified in the previous question to create estimated prices for each of the earring sets in Dr. Jung’s sample. (Remember, your model estimates the square root of the earring prices. So you must square the model’s estimates to convert them to actual price estimates.) Which sets of earrings appear to be overpriced and which appear to be bargains? Based on this analysis, which set of earrings would you suggest that Dr. Jung purchase?
asked 2020-12-30
Since we will be using various bases and the coordinate systems they define, let's review how we translate between coordinate systems. a. Suppose that we have a basis\(\displaystyle{B}={\left\lbrace{v}_{{1}},{v}_{{2}},\ldots,{v}_{{m}}\right\rbrace}{f}{\quad\text{or}\quad}{R}^{{m}}\). Explain what we mean by the representation {x}g of a vector x in the coordinate system defined by B. b. If we are given the representation \(\displaystyle{\left\lbrace{x}\right\rbrace}_{{B}},\) how can we recover the vector x? c. If we are given the vector x, how can we find \(\displaystyle{\left\lbrace{x}\right\rbrace}_{{B}}\)? d. Suppose that BE is a basis for R^2. If {x}_B = \begin{bmatrix}1 \\ -2 \end{bmatrix}ZSK find the vector x. e. If \(\displaystyle{x}={b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{2}\backslash-{4}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{f}\in{d}{\left\lbrace{x}\right\rbrace}_{{B}}\)
asked 2020-11-01
Give a full correct answer for given question 1- Let W be the set of all polynomials \(\displaystyle{a}+{b}{t}+{c}{t}^{{2}}\in{P}_{{{2}}}\) such that \(\displaystyle{a}+{b}+{c}={0}\) Show that W is a subspace of \(\displaystyle{P}_{{{2}}},\) find a basis for W, and then find dim(W) 2 - Find two different bases of \(\displaystyle{R}^{{{2}}}\) so that the coordinates of \(\displaystyle{b}={b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{5}\backslash{3}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}\) are both (2,1) in the coordinate system defined by these two bases
asked 2020-10-18
Given the elow bases for R^2 and the point at the specified coordinate in the standard basis as below, (40 points) \(\displaystyle{B}{1}=\le{f}{t}{\left\lbrace{\left({1},{0}\right)},{\left({0},{1}\right)}{r}{i}{g}{h}{t}\right\rbrace}&{M}{S}{K}{B}{2}={\left({1},{2}\right)},{\left({2},-{1}\right)}{r}{i}{g}{h}{t}\rbrace{\left({1},{7}\right)}={3}^{\cdot}{\left({1},{2}\right)}-{\left({2},{1}\right)}{N}{S}{K}{B}{2}={\left({1},{1}\right)},{\left(-{1},{1}\right)}{\left({3},{7}={5}^{\cdot}{\left({1},{1}\right)}+{2}^{\cdot}{\left(-{1},{1}\right)}{N}{S}{K}{B}{2}={\left({1},{2}\right)},{\left({2},{1}\right)}{\left({0},{3}\right)}={2}^{\cdot}{\left({1},{2}\right)}-{2}^{\cdot}{\left({2},{1}\right)}{N}{S}{K}{\left({8},{10}\right)}={4}^{\cdot}{\left({1},{2}\right)}+{2}^{\cdot}{\left({2},{1}\right)}{N}{S}{K}{B}{2}={\left({1},{2}\right)},{\left(-{2},{1}\right)}{\left({0},{5}\right)}={N}{S}{K}{\left({1},{7}\right)}=\right.}\) a. Use graph technique to find the coordinate in the second basis. (10 points) b. Show that each basis is orthogonal. (5 points) c. Determine if each basis is normal. (5 points) d. Find the transition matrix from the standard basis to the alternate basis. (15 points)
asked 2020-11-10
Consider the following linear transformation T : P_2 \rightarrow P_3, given by T(f) = 3x^2 f'. That is, take the first derivative and then multiply by 3x^2 (a) Find the matrix for T with respect to the standard bases of P_n: that is, find [T]_{\epsilon}^{\epsilon}, where- \epsilon = {1, x, x^2 , x^n) (b) Find N(T) and R(T). You can either work with polynomials or with their coordinate vectors with respect to the standard basis. Write the answers as spans of polynomials. (c) Find the the matrix for T with respect to the alternate bases: [T]_A^B where A = {x - 1, x, x^2 + 1}, B = {x^3, x, x^2, 1}.
asked 2020-11-08
Testing for a Linear Correlation. In Exercises 13–28, construct a scatterplot, and find the value of the linear correlation coefficient r. Also find the P-value or the critical values of r from Table A-6. Use a significance level of \(\alpha = 0.05\). Determine whether there is sufficient evidence to support a claim of a linear correlation between the two variables. (Save your work because the same data sets will be used in Section 10-2 exercises.) Lemons and Car Crashes Listed below are annual data for various years. The data are weights (metric tons) of lemons imported from Mexico and U.S. car crash fatality rates per 100,000 population [based on data from “The Trouble with QSAR (or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Embrace Fallacy),” by Stephen Johnson, Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, Vol. 48, No. 1]. Is there sufficient evidence to conclude that there is a linear correlation between weights of lemon imports from Mexico and U.S. car fatality rates? Do the results suggest that imported lemons cause car fatalities? \(\begin{matrix} \text{Lemon Imports} & 230 & 265 & 358 & 480 & 530\\ \text{Crashe Fatality Rate} & 15.9 & 15.7 & 15.4 & 15.3 & 14.9\\ \end{matrix}\)
asked 2020-11-14
Consider the bases \(\displaystyle{B}={\left({b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{a}{r}{r}{a}{y}\right\rbrace}{\left\lbrace{c}\right\rbrace}{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{2}\backslash{3}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace},{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{3}\backslash{5}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{a}{r}{r}{a}{y}\right\rbrace}\right)}{o}{f}{R}^{{2}}{\quad\text{and}\quad}{C}={\left({b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{a}{r}{r}{a}{y}\right\rbrace}{\left\lbrace{c}\right\rbrace}{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{1}\backslash{1}\backslash{0}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace},{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{1}\backslash{0}\backslash{1}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{a}{r}{r}{a}{y}\right\rbrace},{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{0}\backslash{1}\backslash{1}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}\right)}{o}{f}{R}^{{3}}\).
and the linear maps PSKS \in L (R^2, R^3) and T \in L(R^3, R^2) given given (with respect to the standard bases) by \(\displaystyle{\left[{S}\right]}_{{{E},{E}}}={b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{2}&-{1}\backslash{5}&-{3}\backslash-{3}&{2}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{\quad\text{and}\quad}{\left[{T}\right]}_{{{E},{E}}}={b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{1}&-{1}&{1}\backslash{1}&{1}&-{1}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}\) Find each of the following coordinate representations. \(\displaystyle{\left({b}\right)}{\left[{S}\right]}_{{{E},{C}}}\)
\(\displaystyle{\left({c}\right)}{\left[{S}\right]}_{{{B},{C}}}\)
asked 2021-02-25
Consider the bases \(\displaystyle{B}={\left({b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{a}{r}{r}{a}{y}\right\rbrace}{\left\lbrace{c}\right\rbrace}{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{2}\backslash{3}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace},{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{3}\backslash{5}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{a}{r}{r}{a}{y}\right\rbrace}\right)}{o}{f}{R}^{{2}}{\quad\text{and}\quad}{C}={\left({b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{a}{r}{r}{a}{y}\right\rbrace}{\left\lbrace{c}\right\rbrace}{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{1}\backslash{1}\backslash{0}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace},{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{1}\backslash{0}\backslash{1}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{a}{r}{r}{a}{y}\right\rbrace},{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{0}\backslash{1}\backslash{1}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}\right)}{o}{f}{R}^{{3}}\).
and the linear maps PSKS \in L (R^2, R^3) and T \in L(R^3, R^2) given given (with respect to the standard bases) by \(\displaystyle{\left[{S}\right]}_{{{E},{E}}}={b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{2}&-{1}\backslash{5}&-{3}\backslash-{3}&{2}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{\quad\text{and}\quad}{\left[{T}\right]}_{{{E},{E}}}={b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{1}&-{1}&{1}\backslash{1}&{1}&-{1}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}\) Find each of the following coordinate representations. \(\displaystyle{\left({a}\right)}{\left[{S}\right]}_{{{B},{E}}}\)
asked 2020-10-25
Let B and C be the following ordered bases of \(\displaystyle{R}^{{3}}:\)
\(\displaystyle{B}={\left({b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{1}\backslash{4}\backslash-{\frac{{{4}}}{{{3}}}}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace},{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{0}\backslash{1}\backslash{8}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace},{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{1}\backslash{1}\backslash-{2}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}\right)}\)
\(\displaystyle{C}={\left({b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{1}\backslash{1}\backslash-{2}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace},{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{1}\backslash{4}\backslash-{\frac{{{4}}}{{{3}}}}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace},{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}{0}\backslash{1}\backslash{8}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{b}{m}{a}{t}{r}{i}{x}\right\rbrace}\right)}\) Find the change of coordinate matrix I_{CB}
...