# A good approach to mathematical modeling is a two-stage approach, using a verbal description to form a __, and then, after assiging labels to the quantities, forming an __.

Question
Modeling data distributions
A good approach to mathematical modeling is a two-stage approach, using a verbal description to form a __, and then, after assiging labels to the quantities, forming an __.

2020-11-23
Step 1 Given, A good approach to mathematical modeling is a two-stage approach, using a verbal description to form a __, and then, after assiging labels to the quantities, forming an __. Explanation - In two stage process , it is required to make verbal model and then in next stage mathematical model or an algebraic equation using quantities . Answer - A good approach to mathematical modeling is a two-stage approach, using a verbal description to form a _( verbal model) _, and then, after assiging labels to the quantities, forming an _( algebric equation) _.

### Relevant Questions

A good approach to mathematical modeling is a two-stage approach, using a verbal description to form a ?, and then, after assiging labels to the quantities, forming an ?.
An automobile tire manufacturer collected the data in the table relating tire pressure x​ (in pounds per square​ inch) and mileage​ (in thousands of​ miles). A mathematical model for the data is given by
$$\displaystyle​ f{{\left({x}\right)}}=-{0.554}{x}^{2}+{35.5}{x}-{514}.$$
$$\begin{array}{|c|c|} \hline x & Mileage \\ \hline 28 & 45 \\ \hline 30 & 51\\ \hline 32 & 56\\ \hline 34 & 50\\ \hline 36 & 46\\ \hline \end{array}$$
​(A) Complete the table below.
$$\begin{array}{|c|c|} \hline x & Mileage & f(x) \\ \hline 28 & 45 \\ \hline 30 & 51\\ \hline 32 & 56\\ \hline 34 & 50\\ \hline 36 & 46\\ \hline \end{array}$$
​(Round to one decimal place as​ needed.)
$$A. 20602060xf(x)$$
A coordinate system has a horizontal x-axis labeled from 20 to 60 in increments of 2 and a vertical y-axis labeled from 20 to 60 in increments of 2. Data points are plotted at (28,45), (30,51), (32,56), (34,50), and (36,46). A parabola opens downward and passes through the points (28,45.7), (30,52.4), (32,54.7), (34,52.6), and (36,46.0). All points are approximate.
$$B. 20602060xf(x)$$
Acoordinate system has a horizontal x-axis labeled from 20 to 60 in increments of 2 and a vertical y-axis labeled from 20 to 60 in increments of 2.
Data points are plotted at (43,30), (45,36), (47,41), (49,35), and (51,31). A parabola opens downward and passes through the points (43,30.7), (45,37.4), (47,39.7), (49,37.6), and (51,31). All points are approximate.
$$C. 20602060xf(x)$$
A coordinate system has a horizontal x-axis labeled from 20 to 60 in increments of 2 and a vertical y-axis labeled from 20 to 60 in increments of 2. Data points are plotted at (43,45), (45,51), (47,56), (49,50), and (51,46). A parabola opens downward and passes through the points (43,45.7), (45,52.4), (47,54.7), (49,52.6), and (51,46.0). All points are approximate.
$$D.20602060xf(x)$$
A coordinate system has a horizontal x-axis labeled from 20 to 60 in increments of 2 and a vertical y-axis labeled from 20 to 60 in increments of 2. Data points are plotted at (28,30), (30,36), (32,41), (34,35), and (36,31). A parabola opens downward and passes through the points (28,30.7), (30,37.4), (32,39.7), (34,37.6), and (36,31). All points are approximate.
​(C) Use the modeling function​ f(x) to estimate the mileage for a tire pressure of 29
$$\displaystyle​\frac{{{l}{b}{s}}}{{{s}{q}}}\in.$$ and for 35
$$\displaystyle​\frac{{{l}{b}{s}}}{{{s}{q}}}\in.$$
The mileage for the tire pressure $$\displaystyle{29}\frac{{{l}{b}{s}}}{{{s}{q}}}\in.$$ is
The mileage for the tire pressure $$\displaystyle{35}\frac{{{l}{b}{s}}}{{{s}{q}}}$$ in. is
(Round to two decimal places as​ needed.)
(D) Write a brief description of the relationship between tire pressure and mileage.
A. As tire pressure​ increases, mileage decreases to a minimum at a certain tire​ pressure, then begins to increase.
B. As tire pressure​ increases, mileage decreases.
C. As tire pressure​ increases, mileage increases to a maximum at a certain tire​ pressure, then begins to decrease.
D. As tire pressure​ increases, mileage increases.
The article “Stochastic Modeling for Pavement Warranty Cost Estimation” (J. of Constr. Engr. and Mgmnt., 2009: 352–359) proposes the following model for the distribution of Y = time to pavement failure. Let $$\displaystyle{X}_{{{1}}}$$ be the time to failure due to rutting, and $$\displaystyle{X}_{{{2}}}$$ be the time to failure due to transverse cracking, these two rvs are assumed independent. Then $$\displaystyle{Y}=\min{\left({X}_{{{1}}},{X}_{{{2}}}\right)}$$. The probability of failure due to either one of these distress modes is assumed to be an increasing function of time t. After making certain distributional assumptions, the following form of the cdf for each mode is obtained: $$\displaystyle\Phi{\left[\frac{{{a}+{b}{t}}}{{\left({c}+{\left.{d}{t}\right.}+{e}{t}^{{{2}}}\right)}^{{\frac{{1}}{{2}}}}}\right]}$$ where $$\displaystyle{U}{p}{a}{r}{r}{o}{w}\Phi$$ is the standard normal cdf. Values of the five parameters a, b, c, d, and e are -25.49, 1.15, 4.45, -1.78, and .171 for cracking and -21.27, .0325, .972, -.00028, and .00022 for rutting. Determine the probability of pavement failure within $$\displaystyle{t}={5}$$ years and also $$\displaystyle{t}={10}$$ years.
Two drugs, Abraxane and Taxol, are both cancer treatments, yet have differing rates at which they leave a patient’s system. Using terminology from pharmacology, Abraxane leaves the system by so-called “first-order elimination”, which means that the concentration decreases at a constant percentage rate for each unit of time that passes. Taxol leaves the system by “zero-order elimination”, which means that the concentration decreases by a constant amount for each unit of time that passes.
(a) As soon as the infusion of Taxol is completed, the drug concentration in a patient’s blood is 1000 nanograms per milliliter $$\displaystyle{\left(\frac{{{n}{g}}}{{{m}{l}}}\right)}.$$ 12 hours later there is $$\displaystyle{50}\frac{{{n}{g}}}{{{m}{l}}}$$ left in the patient’s system. Use the data to construct an appropriate formula modeling the blood concentration of Taxol as a function of time after the infusion is completed.
(b) As soon as the infusion of Abraxane is completed, the drug concentration in a patient’s blood is 1000 nanograms per milliliter $$\displaystyle{\left(\frac{{{n}{g}}}{{{m}{l}}}\right)}$$. 24 hours later there is $$\displaystyle{50}\frac{{{n}{g}}}{{{m}{l}}}$$ left in the patient’s system. Use the data to construct an appropriate formula modeling the blood concentration of Abraxane as a function of time after the infusion is completed.
(c) Find the long-term behavior of the function from part (b). Is this behavior meaningful in the context of the model?
In an experiment designed to study the effects of illumination level on task performance (“Performance of Complex Tasks Under Different Levels of Illumination,” J. Illuminating Eng., 1976: 235–242), subjects were required to insert a fine-tipped probe into the eyeholes of ten needles in rapid succession both for a low light level with a black background and a higher level with a white background. Each data value is the time (sec) required to complete the task.
$$\displaystyle{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{a}{r}{r}{a}{y}\right\rbrace}{\left\lbrace{\left|{c}\right|}{c}{\mid}\right\rbrace}{h}{l}\in{e}{S}{u}{b}{j}{e}{c}{t}&{\left({1}\right)}&{\left({2}\right)}&{\left({3}\right)}&{\left({4}\right)}&{\left({5}\right)}&{\left({6}\right)}&{\left({7}\right)}&{\left({8}\right)}&{\left({9}\right)}\backslash{h}{l}\in{e}{B}{l}{a}{c}{k}&{25.85}&{28.84}&{32.05}&{25.74}&{20.89}&{41.05}&{25.01}&{24.96}&{27.47}\backslash{h}{l}\in{e}{W}{h}{i}{t}{e}&{18.28}&{20.84}&{22.96}&{19.68}&{19.509}&{24.98}&{16.61}&{16.07}&{24.59}\backslash{h}{l}\in{e}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{a}{r}{r}{a}{y}\right\rbrace}$$
Does the data indicate that the higher level of illumination yields a decrease of more than 5 sec in true average task completion time? Test the appropriate hypotheses using the P-value approach.
1)What factors influence the correspondence between the binomial and normal distributions? 1.Twenty percent of individuals who seek psychotherapy will recover from their symptoms irrespective of whether they receive treatment. A research finds that a particular type of psychotherapy is successful with 30 out of 100 clients. Using an alpha level of 0.05 as a criterion, what should she conclude about the effectiveness of this psychotherapeutic approach? 2.How does the size of the data set help cut down on the size of the error terms in the approximation process?
A car has a purchase price of $24,800. The value declines continuously at an exponential rate of %23 annually. A. Wat is an equation modeling the value of this car after t years? B. What is its value after 6 years? c. How long will it take for its value to be$2000? 2. A bacteria colony grows continuously at an exponential rate. There are initially 1.1 million sent. After 5 days, there are 6.8 million present . a. What is the an equation modeling the number of bacteria present after d days? b. How many bacteria will be present after 7 days? c. How long will it take the number of bacteria to reach 92 million?
M. F. Driscoll and N. A. Weiss discussed the modeling and solution of problems concerning motel reservation networks in “An Application of Queuing Theory to Reservation Networks” (TIMS, Vol. 22, No. 5, pp. 540–546). They defined a Type 1 call to be a call from a motel’s computer terminal to the national reservation center. For a certain motel, the number, X, of Type 1 calls per hour has a Poisson distribution with parameter $$\displaystyle\lambda={1.7}$$.