Determine whether g(x) = frac{x^3}{2} − x^2 + 2 is a polynomial. If it is, state its degree. If not, say why it is not a polynomial. If it is a polynomial, write it in standard form. Identify the leading term and the constant term.

Question
Polynomial arithmetic
asked 2021-02-03
Determine whether \(\displaystyle{g{{\left({x}\right)}}}={\frac{{{x}^{{3}}}}{{{2}}}}−{x}^{{2}}+{2}\) is a polynomial. If it is, state its degree. If not, say why it is not a polynomial. If it is a polynomial, write it in standard form. Identify the leading term and the constant term.

Answers (1)

2021-02-04
Step 1
Given:
\(\displaystyle{g{{\left({x}\right)}}}={\frac{{{x}^{{3}}}}{{{2}}}}−{x}^{{2}}+{2}\)
Step 2
Convert element to fracnion: \(\displaystyle{x}^{{2}}={\frac{{{x}^{{{2}}}{2}}}{{{2}}}},{2}={\frac{{{2}\times{2}}}{{{2}}}}\)
\(\displaystyle={\frac{{{x}^{{3}}}}{{{2}}}}-{\frac{{{x}^{{2}}\times{2}}}{{{2}}}}+{\frac{{{2}\times{2}}}{{{2}}}}\)
Since the denominators are equal, combine the fractions: \(\displaystyle{\frac{{{a}}}{{{c}}}}\pm{\frac{{{b}}}{{{c}}}}={\frac{{{a}\pm{b}}}{{{c}}}}\)
\(\displaystyle={\frac{{{x}^{{3}}-{x}^{{2}}\times{2}+{2}\times{2}}}{{{2}}}}\)
Multiply the numbers: \(\displaystyle{2}\times{2}={4}\)
\(\displaystyle{g{{\left({x}\right)}}}={\frac{{{x}^{{3}}-{2}{x}^{{2}}+{4}}}{{{2}}}}\)
Hence, it is a polynomial with its degree 3,
Step 3
Now, convert 3 degree polynomial into standard form which is
\(\displaystyle{a}{x}^{{{3}}}+{b}{x}^{{{3}}}+{c}{x}+{d}\)
Standard form \(\displaystyle\rightarrow{g{{\left({x}\right)}}}={\frac{{{x}^{{3}}}}{{{2}}}}-{2}{x}^{{{2}}}+{0}{x}+{2}\)
Leading term \(\displaystyle\rightarrow{\frac{{{1}}}{{{2}}}}\)
Constant term \(\displaystyle\rightarrow{2}\)
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