 # A population of values has a normal distribution with \mu = 200 and \sigma = 31.9. You intend to draw a random Kaycee Roche 2021-01-16 Answered

A population of values has a normal distribution with $\mu =200$ and $\sigma =31.9$. You intend to draw a random sample of size $n=11$.
Find the probability that a sample of size $n=11$ is randomly selected with a mean less than 226.9.
$P\left(M<226.9\right)=$?

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The probability that a sample of size $$\displaystyle{n}={11}$$ is randomly selected with a mean less than 226.9 is,
$$\displaystyle{P}{\left({M}{<}{226.9}\right)}={P}{\left({\frac{{{M}-\mu}}{{{\left({\frac{{\sigma}}{{\sqrt{{{n}}}}}}\right)}}}}{<}{\frac{{{226.9}-{200}}}{{{\left({\frac{{{31.9}}}{{\sqrt{{{11}}}}}}\right)}}}}\right)}$$
$$\displaystyle={P}{\left({z}{<}{\frac{{{26.9}}}{{{9.6182}}}}\right)}$$
$$\displaystyle={P}{\left({z}{<}{2.797}\right)}$$
The probability of z less than 2.797 can be obtained using the excel formula “=NORM.S.DIST(2.797,TRUE)”. The probability value is 0.9974.
The required probability value is,
$$\displaystyle{P}{\left({M}{<}{226.9}\right)}={P}{\left({z}{<}{2.797}\right)}={0.9974}$$
Thus, the probability that a sample of size $$\displaystyle{n}={11}$$ is randomly selected with a mean less than 226.9 is 0.9974.