Use an inverse matrix to solve system of linear equations. x+2y=-1 x-2y=3

Question
Equations
asked 2021-02-18
Use an inverse matrix to solve system of linear equations.
x+2y=-1
x-2y=3

Answers (1)

2021-02-19
Step 1
In matrix form, given system of equations cab be written as
x+2y = -1
x-2y=3
AX=B
\(\displaystyle{A}={\left[\begin{array}{cc} {1}&{2}\\{1}&-{2}\end{array}\right]},{X}={\left[\begin{array}{c} {x}\\{y}\end{array}\right]},{B}={\left[\begin{array}{c} -{1}\\{3}\end{array}\right]}\)
We know that
\(\displaystyle{\left[\begin{array}{cc} {a}&{b}\\{c}&{d}\end{array}\right]}^{{-{1}}}=\frac{{1}}{{{a}{d}-{b}{c}}}{\left[\begin{array}{cc} {d}&-{b}\\-{c}&{a}\end{array}\right]}\)
Step 2
Therefore,
\(\displaystyle{A}^{{-{1}}}=\frac{{1}}{{{1}{\left(-{2}\right)}-{2}{\left({1}\right)}}}{\left[\begin{array}{cc} -{2}&-{2}\\-{1}&{1}\end{array}\right]}\)
\(\displaystyle{A}^{{-{1}}}=-\frac{{1}}{{4}}{\left[\begin{array}{cc} -{2}&-{2}\\-{1}&{1}\end{array}\right]}\)
Therefore, solution of system of equations is
\(\displaystyle{X}={A}^{{-{1}}}{B}\)
\(\displaystyle{X}=-\frac{{1}}{{4}}{\left[\begin{array}{cc} -{2}&-{2}\\-{1}&{1}\end{array}\right]}{\left[\begin{array}{c} -{1}\\{3}\end{array}\right]}\)
\(\displaystyle{X}=-\frac{{1}}{{4}}{\left[\begin{array}{cc} {2}&-{6}\\{1}&{3}\end{array}\right]}{\left[\begin{array}{c} {1}\\-{1}\end{array}\right]}\)
x=1,y=-1
Result:x=1,y=-1
0

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