What mathematician was instrumental in the creation of the normal distribution? What application prompted this person to create the normal distribution?

Question
Normal distributions
asked 2020-11-06
What mathematician was instrumental in the creation of the normal distribution? What application prompted this person to create the normal distribution?

Answers (1)

2020-11-07
Carl Fredrich gauss was instrumental in creation of normal distribution. Due to his keen interest in mathematics of astronomy to obtain the orbit of a planetoid named Ceres, he used method of least squares which is a technique for experimental error.
In this method, x represents the error between true value and the value which obtained by experiment.
While theorizing the probability of a small error higher than that of a larger error Gauss came up with normal distribution to explain the probabilities of the random errors.
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