Suppose that X is a normal random variable with mean 5. If P{X>9}=.2, approximat

adOrmaPem6r 2021-11-10 Answered
Suppose that X is a normal random variable with mean 5. If P{X>9}=.2, approximately what is Var(X)?

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Expert Answer

Ched1950
Answered 2021-11-11 Author has 1563 answers

Given: X is a normal random variable with mean \(\displaystyle\mu={5}\) and \(\displaystyle{P}{\left[{X}{>}{9}\right]}={0.2}\)
To find: variance of X
Solution: Let \(\displaystyle\sigma^{{2}}\) be the variance of X. Now,
\(\displaystyle{P}{\left[{X}{>}{9}\right]}={0.2}\)
\(\displaystyle\Rightarrow{P}{\left[{X}\leq{9}\right]}={1}-{0.2}={0.8}\)
\(\displaystyle\Rightarrow{P}{\left[{\frac{{{x}-\mu}}{{\sigma}}}\leq{\frac{{{9}-{4}}}{{\sigma}}}\right]}={0.8}\)
\(\displaystyle\Rightarrow{P}{\left[{Z}\leq{\frac{{{4}}}{{\sigma}}}\right]}={0.8}\)
\(\displaystyle\Rightarrow\phi{\left({\frac{{{4}}}{{\sigma}}}\right)}={0.8}\)
\(\displaystyle{\Rightarrow}{\frac{{{4}}}{{\sigma}}}={0.845}\)
\(\displaystyle\Rightarrow\sigma={\frac{{{4}}}{{{0.845}}}}={4.73}\)
Thus variance of X is \(\displaystyle{v}{a}{r}{\left({X}\right)}=\sigma^{{2}}={\left({4.73}\right)}^{{2}}={22.37}={22}\)

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