Give the hybridization of xenon in each of the following. You may wish to review the chapter on the advanced theories of covalent bonding.a) XeF_{2}

Rivka Thorpe 2021-10-07 Answered
Give the hybridization of xenon in each of the following. You may wish to review the chapter on the advanced theories of covalent bonding.
a) \(\displaystyle{X}{e}{F}_{{{2}}}\)
b) \(\displaystyle{X}{e}{F}_{{{4}}}\)
c) \(\displaystyle{X}{e}{O}_{{{3}}}\)
d) \(\displaystyle{X}{e}{O}_{{{4}}}\)
e) \(\displaystyle{X}{e}{O}{F}_{{{4}}}\)

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Expert Answer

Liyana Mansell
Answered 2021-10-08 Author has 6902 answers

a) The Xe in \(\displaystyle{X}{e}{F}_{{{2}}}\) is \(sp^{3}d\) hybridized. The xenon atom forms single bond to two F atoms and there are 3 lone electron pairs which accounts as five hybridized orbitals. The molecular structure of all of examples can be seen in solutions for Exercise 112.
b) The Xe in \(\displaystyle{X}{e}{F}_{{{4}}}\) is \(\displaystyle{s}{p}^{{{3}}}{d}^{{{2}}}\) hybridized. The xenon atom forms single bonds to 4 atoms of F and there are 2 morelone electron pairs which accounts for six hybridized orbitals.
c) The Xe in \(\displaystyle{X}{e}{O}_{{{3}}}\) is \(\displaystyle{s}{p}^{{{3}}}\) hybridized. The xenon atom forms three double bonds to 3 oxygen atoms and there is one more lone electron pair which accounts for four hybridized orbitals.
d) The Xe in \(XeO_{4}\) is \(\displaystyle{s}{p}^{{{3}}}\) hybridized. The xenon atom forms four double bonds to 3 oxygen atoms which accounts for four hybridized orbitals.
e) The Xe in \(\displaystyle{X}{e}{O}{F}_{{{4}}}\) is \(\displaystyle{s}{p}^{{{3}}}{d}^{{{2}}}\) hybridized. The xenon atom forms one double bonds to the one oxygen atom, four single bonds to the fluorine atom and there is one morelone electron pair which in total accounts for six hybridized orbitals.

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