Engineering company has a task of checking compressive strength for 100 concrete

fortdefruitI 2021-09-22 Answered
Engineering company has a task of checking compressive strength for 100 concrete cubes. The results revealed that 85 cubes passed the compressive strength test successfully and 15 cubes failed in the test. If 10 cubes are selected at random to be inspected by the company, determine the probability that the 8 cubes will pass the test and 2 cubes will fail in the test by using the Combinatorial Analysis.
a. 0.4522
b. 0.3415
c. 0.6553
d. 0.1156
e. 0.2919

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Expert Answer

Isma Jimenez
Answered 2021-09-23 Author has 16929 answers

Total number of cubes \(\displaystyle={100}\)
Number of cubes passed the test successfully \(​​​​​​​=85\)

Number of cubes failed in the test \(=15\)
It is given that if 10 cubes are selected at random to be inspected by the company then we have to find the probability that 8 cubes will pass the test and 2 cubes will fail in the test.
Total possible cases \(\displaystyle=^{{{100}}}{C}_{{{10}}}\)
Favorable cases \(\displaystyle=^{{{85}}}{C}_{{{8}}}\times^{{{15}}}{C}_{{{2}}}\)
Required probability \(=\frac{Favorable\ cases}{Total\ possible\ cases}\)
\(=\frac{^{85}C_{8}\times ^{15}C_{2}}{^{100}C_{10}}\)
\(\displaystyle={\frac{{{4.8125}\times{10}^{{{10}}}\times{105}}}{{{1.731}\times{10}^{{{13}}}}}}\)
\(\displaystyle={\frac{{{2.7801}\times{105}}}{{{1000}}}}\)
\(\displaystyle={\frac{{{291.92}}}{{{1000}}}}\)
\(\displaystyle={0.2919}\)
Thus, the required probability that 8 cubes will pass the test and 2 cubes will fail in the test is 0.2919.
Hence, option (e) is correct

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