An oil prospector will drill a succession of holes in a given area to find a productive well. The probability that he is successful on a given trial is 0.2. What is the probability that the third hole drilled is the first to yield a productive well?

Question
An oil prospector will drill a succession of holes in a given area to find a productive well. The probability that he is successful on a given trial is 0.2. What is the probability that the third hole drilled is the first to yield a productive well?

Answers (1)

2020-12-06
Given: \(p = 0.2\) \(q = 1 - p = 1 - 0.2 = 0.8\)
Definition geometric probability: \(p(y) = q^{y-1}p\)
Evaluate at y = 3: \(p(3) = 0.8^{3-1} * 0.2 = 0.128 = 12.8\%\)
Result: \(0.128\ or\ 12.8\%\)
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