Researchers have asked whether there is a relationship between nutrition and cancer, and many studies have shown that there is. In fact, one of the conclusions of a study by B. Reddy et al., “Nutrition and Its Relationship to Cancer” (Advances in Cancer Research, Vol. 32, pp. 237-345), was that “...none of the risk factors for cancer is probably more significant than diet and nutrition.” One dietary factor that has been studied for its relationship with prostate cancer is fat consumption. On the WeissStats CD, you will find data on per capita fat consumption (in grams per day) and prostate cancer death rate (per 100,000 males) for nations of the world. The data were obtained from a graph-adapted from information in the article mentioned-in J. Robbins’s classic book Diet for a New America (Walpole, NH: Stillpoint, 1987, p. 271). For part (d), predict the prostate cancer death rate for a nation with a per capita fat consumption of 92 grams per day.
a) Construct and interpret a scatterplot for the data.
b) Decide whether finding a regression line for the data is reasonable. If so, then also do parts (c)-(f).
c) Determine and interpret the regression equation.
d) Make the indicated predictions.
e) Compute and interpret the correlation coefficient.
f) Identify potential outliers and influential observations.