Use the change-of-base theorem to find an approximation to four decimal places for each logarithm displaystyle{{log}_{{2}}{5}}

Question
Modeling data distributions
asked 2021-02-09
Use the change-of-base theorem to find an approximation to four decimal places for each logarithm \(\displaystyle{{\log}_{{2}}{5}}\)

Answers (1)

2021-02-10
Given, \(\displaystyle{{\log}_{{2}}{5}}\)
Change to base 10, we get
\(\displaystyle{{\log}_{{2}}{5}}=\frac{{ \log{{5}}}}{{ \log{{2}}}}:'{{\log}_{{b}}{x}}=\frac{{{{\log}_{{a}}{x}}}}{{{{\log}_{{a}}{b}}}}\)
\(\displaystyle=\frac{0.69897}{{0.0301029}}\)
\(\displaystyle={2.3219}\)
Therefore,
\(\displaystyle{{\log}_{{2}}{5}}={2.3219}\)
0

Relevant Questions

asked 2020-10-23
A random sample of \(\displaystyle{n}_{{1}}={16}\) communities in western Kansas gave the following information for people under 25 years of age.
\(\displaystyle{X}_{{1}}:\) Rate of hay fever per 1000 population for people under 25
\(\begin{array}{|c|c|} \hline 97 & 91 & 121 & 129 & 94 & 123 & 112 &93\\ \hline 125 & 95 & 125 & 117 & 97 & 122 & 127 & 88 \\ \hline \end{array}\)
A random sample of \(\displaystyle{n}_{{2}}={14}\) regions in western Kansas gave the following information for people over 50 years old.
\(\displaystyle{X}_{{2}}:\) Rate of hay fever per 1000 population for people over 50
\(\begin{array}{|c|c|} \hline 94 & 109 & 99 & 95 & 113 & 88 & 110\\ \hline 79 & 115 & 100 & 89 & 114 & 85 & 96\\ \hline \end{array}\)
(i) Use a calculator to calculate \(\displaystyle\overline{{x}}_{{1}},{s}_{{1}},\overline{{x}}_{{2}},{\quad\text{and}\quad}{s}_{{2}}.\) (Round your answers to two decimal places.)
(ii) Assume that the hay fever rate in each age group has an approximately normal distribution. Do the data indicate that the age group over 50 has a lower rate of hay fever? Use \(\displaystyle\alpha={0.05}.\)
(a) What is the level of significance?
State the null and alternate hypotheses.
\(\displaystyle{H}_{{0}}:\mu_{{1}}=\mu_{{2}},{H}_{{1}}:\mu_{{1}}<\mu_{{2}}\)
\(\displaystyle{H}_{{0}}:\mu_{{1}}=\mu_{{2}},{H}_{{1}}:\mu_{{1}}>\mu_{{2}}\)
\(\displaystyle{H}_{{0}}:\mu_{{1}}=\mu_{{2}},{H}_{{1}}:\mu_{{1}}\ne\mu_{{2}}\)
\(\displaystyle{H}_{{0}}:\mu_{{1}}>\mu_{{2}},{H}_{{1}}:\mu_{{1}}=\mu_{{12}}\)
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The standard normal. We assume that both population distributions are approximately normal with known standard deviations.
The Student's t. We assume that both population distributions are approximately normal with unknown standard deviations,
The standard normal. We assume that both population distributions are approximately normal with unknown standard deviations,
The Student's t. We assume that both population distributions are approximately normal with known standard deviations,
What is the value of the sample test statistic? (Test the difference \(\displaystyle\mu_{{1}}-\mu_{{2}}\). Round your answer to three decimalplaces.)
What is the value of the sample test statistic? (Test the difference \(\displaystyle\mu_{{1}}-\mu_{{2}}\). Round your answer to three decimal places.)
(c) Find (or estimate) the P-value.
P-value \(\displaystyle>{0.250}\)
\(\displaystyle{0.125}<{P}-\text{value}<{0},{250}\)
\(\displaystyle{0},{050}<{P}-\text{value}<{0},{125}\)
\(\displaystyle{0},{025}<{P}-\text{value}<{0},{050}\)
\(\displaystyle{0},{005}<{P}-\text{value}<{0},{025}\)
P-value \(\displaystyle<{0.005}\)
Sketch the sampling distribution and show the area corresponding to the P-value.
P.vaiue Pevgiue
P-value f P-value
asked 2021-03-11
An automobile tire manufacturer collected the data in the table relating tire pressure x​ (in pounds per square​ inch) and mileage​ (in thousands of​ miles). A mathematical model for the data is given by
\(\displaystyle​ f{{\left({x}\right)}}=-{0.554}{x}^{2}+{35.5}{x}-{514}.\)
\(\begin{array}{|c|c|} \hline x & Mileage \\ \hline 28 & 45 \\ \hline 30 & 51\\ \hline 32 & 56\\ \hline 34 & 50\\ \hline 36 & 46\\ \hline \end{array}\)
​(A) Complete the table below.
\(\begin{array}{|c|c|} \hline x & Mileage & f(x) \\ \hline 28 & 45 \\ \hline 30 & 51\\ \hline 32 & 56\\ \hline 34 & 50\\ \hline 36 & 46\\ \hline \end{array}\)
​(Round to one decimal place as​ needed.)
\(A. 20602060xf(x)\)
A coordinate system has a horizontal x-axis labeled from 20 to 60 in increments of 2 and a vertical y-axis labeled from 20 to 60 in increments of 2. Data points are plotted at (28,45), (30,51), (32,56), (34,50), and (36,46). A parabola opens downward and passes through the points (28,45.7), (30,52.4), (32,54.7), (34,52.6), and (36,46.0). All points are approximate.
\(B. 20602060xf(x)\)
Acoordinate system has a horizontal x-axis labeled from 20 to 60 in increments of 2 and a vertical y-axis labeled from 20 to 60 in increments of 2.
Data points are plotted at (43,30), (45,36), (47,41), (49,35), and (51,31). A parabola opens downward and passes through the points (43,30.7), (45,37.4), (47,39.7), (49,37.6), and (51,31). All points are approximate.
\(C. 20602060xf(x)\)
A coordinate system has a horizontal x-axis labeled from 20 to 60 in increments of 2 and a vertical y-axis labeled from 20 to 60 in increments of 2. Data points are plotted at (43,45), (45,51), (47,56), (49,50), and (51,46). A parabola opens downward and passes through the points (43,45.7), (45,52.4), (47,54.7), (49,52.6), and (51,46.0). All points are approximate.
\(D.20602060xf(x)\)
A coordinate system has a horizontal x-axis labeled from 20 to 60 in increments of 2 and a vertical y-axis labeled from 20 to 60 in increments of 2. Data points are plotted at (28,30), (30,36), (32,41), (34,35), and (36,31). A parabola opens downward and passes through the points (28,30.7), (30,37.4), (32,39.7), (34,37.6), and (36,31). All points are approximate.
​(C) Use the modeling function​ f(x) to estimate the mileage for a tire pressure of 29
\(\displaystyle​\frac{{{l}{b}{s}}}{{{s}{q}}}\in.\) and for 35
\(\displaystyle​\frac{{{l}{b}{s}}}{{{s}{q}}}\in.\)
The mileage for the tire pressure \(\displaystyle{29}\frac{{{l}{b}{s}}}{{{s}{q}}}\in.\) is
The mileage for the tire pressure \(\displaystyle{35}\frac{{{l}{b}{s}}}{{{s}{q}}}\) in. is
(Round to two decimal places as​ needed.)
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A. As tire pressure​ increases, mileage decreases to a minimum at a certain tire​ pressure, then begins to increase.
B. As tire pressure​ increases, mileage decreases.
C. As tire pressure​ increases, mileage increases to a maximum at a certain tire​ pressure, then begins to decrease.
D. As tire pressure​ increases, mileage increases.
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(a)
Find \(\displaystyleΣ{x},Σ{y},Σ{x}^{2},Σ{y}^{2},Σ{x}{y},{\quad\text{and}\quad}{r}\). (Round r to three decimal places.)
\(\displaystyleΣ{x}=\)
\(\displaystyleΣ{y}=\)
\(\displaystyleΣ{x}^{2}=\)
\(\displaystyleΣ{y}^{2}=\)
\(\displaystyleΣ{x}{y}=\)
\(\displaystyle{r}=\)
(b)
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\(\displaystyle{t}=\)
critical \(\displaystyle{t}=\)
Conclusion
Reject the null hypothesis. There is sufficient evidence that \(\displaystyle\rho<{0}\).Reject the null hypothesis. There is insufficient evidence that \(\displaystyle\rho<{0}\).
Fail to reject the null hypothesis. There is sufficient evidence that \(\displaystyle\rho<{0}\).Fail to reject the null hypothesis. There is insufficient evidence that \(\displaystyle\rho<{0}.\)
(c)
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\(\displaystyle{S}_{{e}}=\)
\(\displaystyle{a}=\)
\(\displaystyle{b}=\)
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State the null and alternate hypotheses.
\(H0:?_{1}^{2}=?_{2}^{2},H1:?_{1}^{2}>?_{2}^{2}H0:?_{1}^{2}=?_{2}^{2},H1:?_{1}^{2}\neq?_{2}^{2}H0:?_{1}^{2}=?_{2}^{2},H1:?_{1}^{2}?_{2}^{2},H1:?_{1}^{2}=?_{2}^{2}\)
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What are the degrees of freedom?
\(df_{N} = ?\)
\(df_{D} = ?\)
What assumptions are you making about the original distribution?
The populations follow independent normal distributions. We have random samples from each population.The populations follow dependent normal distributions. We have random samples from each population.The populations follow independent normal distributions.The populations follow independent chi-square distributions. We have random samples from each population.
(c) Find or estimate the P-value of the sample test statistic. (Round your answer to four decimal places.)
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At the ? = 0.05 level, we fail to reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are not statistically significant.At the ? = 0.05 level, we fail to reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are statistically significant. At the ? = 0.05 level, we reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are not statistically significant.At the ? = 0.05 level, we reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are statistically significant.
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Reject the null hypothesis, there is sufficient evidence that the population variance is larger in the old thermostat temperature readings.Fail to reject the null hypothesis, there is sufficient evidence that the population variance is larger in the old thermostat temperature readings. Fail to reject the null hypothesis, there is insufficient evidence that the population variance is larger in the old thermostat temperature readings.Reject the null hypothesis, there is insufficient evidence that the population variance is larger in the old thermostat temperature readings.
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Aurora is planning to participate in an event at her school's field day that requires her to complete tasks at various stations in the fastest time possible. To prepare for the event, she is practicing and keeping track of her time to complete each station. The x-coordinate is the station number, and the y-coordinate is the time in minutes since the start of the race that she completed the task. \(\displaystyle{\left({1},{3}\right)},{\left({2},{6}\right)},{\left({3},{12}\right)},{\left({4},{24}\right)}\)
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Part B: Use a recursive formula to determine the time she will complete station 5.
Part C: Use an explicit formula to find the time she will complete the 9th station.
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(b) As soon as the infusion of Abraxane is completed, the drug concentration in a patient’s blood is 1000 nanograms per milliliter \(\displaystyle{\left(\frac{{{n}{g}}}{{{m}{l}}}\right)}\). 24 hours later there is \(\displaystyle{50}\frac{{{n}{g}}}{{{m}{l}}}\) left in the patient’s system. Use the data to construct an appropriate formula modeling the blood concentration of Abraxane as a function of time after the infusion is completed.
(c) Find the long-term behavior of the function from part (b). Is this behavior meaningful in the context of the model?
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Use the table from the Theoretical Distribution section to calculate the following answers. Round your answers to four decimal places. \(P(x = 3) = _______________________\)
\(P(1 < x < 4) = _______________________\)
\(P(x \geq 8) = _______________________\) Use the data from the Organize the Data section to calculate the following answers. Round your answers to four decimal places. \(RF(x = 3) = _______________________\)
\(RF(1 < x < 4) = _______________________\)
\(RF(x \geq 8) = _______________________\) Discussion Questions 1. Knowing that data vary, describe three similarities between the graphs and distributions of the theoretical, empirical, and simulation distributions. Use complete sentences.
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