Determine the algebraic modeling which of the following data sets are linear and which are exponential. For the linear sets, determine the slope. For the exponential sets, determine the growth factor or the decay factor

a)

b)

c)

d)

slaggingV
2021-02-11
Answered

Determine the algebraic modeling which of the following data sets are linear and which are exponential. For the linear sets, determine the slope. For the exponential sets, determine the growth factor or the decay factor

a)

b)

c)

d)

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Mayme

Answered 2021-02-12
Author has **103** answers

Part (a)

Given data set is

$\begin{array}{|cccccccc|}\hline x& -2& -1& 0& 1& 2& 3& 4\\ y& \frac{1}{9}& \frac{1}{3}& 1& 3& 9& 27& 81\\ \hline\end{array}$

$\therefore \text{}{\displaystyle \frac{y\left(1\right)}{y\left(0\right)}=\frac{3}{1}=3\text{}\text{and}\text{}{\displaystyle \frac{y\left(3\right)}{y\left(2\right)}=\frac{27}{9}=3}}$

Hence given data set is exponential.

Since y is increasing, so model is growth model.

Growth factor$=3$

Part b)

Given data set is

$\begin{array}{|cccccccc|}\hline x& -2& -1& 0& 1& 2& 3& 4\\ y& 2& 2.6& 3.2& 3.8& 4.4& 5.0& 5.6\\ \hline\end{array}$

$\therefore y\left(1\right)-y\left(0\right)=0.6{\textstyle \phantom{\rule{1em}{0ex}}}\text{and}{\textstyle \phantom{\rule{1em}{0ex}}}y\left(2\right)-y\left(1\right)=0.6$

Hence data set is linear.

Slope$=\frac{y\left(1\right)-y\left(0\right)}{1-0}=\frac{3.8-3.2}{1}=0.6$

Part c)

Given data set is

$\begin{array}{|cccccccc|}\hline x& -2& -1& 0& 1& 2& 3& 4\\ y& 3.00& 5.0& 7& 9& 11& 13& 15\\ \hline\end{array}$

$\therefore y\left(1\right)-y\left(0\right)=2{\textstyle \phantom{\rule{1em}{0ex}}}\text{and}{\textstyle \phantom{\rule{1em}{0ex}}}y\left(2\right)-y\left(1\right)=2$

Hence data set is linear.

Slope$=\frac{y\left(1\right)-y\left(0\right)}{1-0}=\frac{9-7}{1}=2$

Part d)

Given data set is

$\begin{array}{|cccccccc|}\hline x& -2& -1& 0& 1& 2& 3& 4\\ y& 5.25& 2.1& 0.84& 0.336& 0.1344& 0.5376& 0.021504\\ \hline\end{array}$

$\therefore \frac{y\left(1\right)}{y\left(0\right)}=\frac{0.336}{0.84}=0.4$

Hence given data set is exponential.

Since y is decreasing, so model is decay model.

Decay factor$=0.4$

Given data set is

Hence given data set is exponential.

Since y is increasing, so model is growth model.

Growth factor

Part b)

Given data set is

Hence data set is linear.

Slope

Part c)

Given data set is

Hence data set is linear.

Slope

Part d)

Given data set is

Hence given data set is exponential.

Since y is decreasing, so model is decay model.

Decay factor

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