a) \(\displaystyle{1.5}\times{10}^{{-{8}}}{C}\times{30}{V}={4.5}{m}\)

b) No they are not evenly spaced.

b) No they are not evenly spaced.

asked 2021-05-09

The dominant form of drag experienced by vehicles (bikes, cars,planes, etc.) at operating speeds is called form drag. Itincreases quadratically with velocity (essentially because theamount of air you run into increase with v and so does the amount of force you must exert on each small volume of air). Thus

\(\displaystyle{F}_{{{d}{r}{u}{g}}}={C}_{{d}}{A}{v}^{{2}}\)

where A is the cross-sectional area of the vehicle and \(\displaystyle{C}_{{d}}\) is called the coefficient of drag.

Part A:

Consider a vehicle moving with constant velocity \(\displaystyle\vec{{{v}}}\). Find the power dissipated by form drag.

Express your answer in terms of \(\displaystyle{C}_{{d}},{A},\) and speed v.

Part B:

A certain car has an engine that provides a maximum power \(\displaystyle{P}_{{0}}\). Suppose that the maximum speed of thee car, \(\displaystyle{v}_{{0}}\), is limited by a drag force proportional to the square of the speed (as in the previous part). The car engine is now modified, so that the new power \(\displaystyle{P}_{{1}}\) is 10 percent greater than the original power (\(\displaystyle{P}_{{1}}={110}\%{P}_{{0}}\)).

Assume the following:

The top speed is limited by air drag.

The magnitude of the force of air drag at these speeds is proportional to the square of the speed.

By what percentage, \(\displaystyle{\frac{{{v}_{{1}}-{v}_{{0}}}}{{{v}_{{0}}}}}\), is the top speed of the car increased?

Express the percent increase in top speed numerically to two significant figures.

\(\displaystyle{F}_{{{d}{r}{u}{g}}}={C}_{{d}}{A}{v}^{{2}}\)

where A is the cross-sectional area of the vehicle and \(\displaystyle{C}_{{d}}\) is called the coefficient of drag.

Part A:

Consider a vehicle moving with constant velocity \(\displaystyle\vec{{{v}}}\). Find the power dissipated by form drag.

Express your answer in terms of \(\displaystyle{C}_{{d}},{A},\) and speed v.

Part B:

A certain car has an engine that provides a maximum power \(\displaystyle{P}_{{0}}\). Suppose that the maximum speed of thee car, \(\displaystyle{v}_{{0}}\), is limited by a drag force proportional to the square of the speed (as in the previous part). The car engine is now modified, so that the new power \(\displaystyle{P}_{{1}}\) is 10 percent greater than the original power (\(\displaystyle{P}_{{1}}={110}\%{P}_{{0}}\)).

Assume the following:

The top speed is limited by air drag.

The magnitude of the force of air drag at these speeds is proportional to the square of the speed.

By what percentage, \(\displaystyle{\frac{{{v}_{{1}}-{v}_{{0}}}}{{{v}_{{0}}}}}\), is the top speed of the car increased?

Express the percent increase in top speed numerically to two significant figures.

asked 2021-03-03

a)

b)

Figure shows a nonconducting rod with a uniformly distributed charge +Q. The rod forms a 10/22 of circle with radius R and produces an electric field of magnitude Earc at its center of curvature P. If the arc is collapsed to a point at distance R from P, by what factor is the magnitude of the electric field at P multiplied?

b)

Figure shows a nonconducting rod with a uniformly distributed charge +Q. The rod forms a 10/22 of circle with radius R and produces an electric field of magnitude Earc at its center of curvature P. If the arc is collapsed to a point at distance R from P, by what factor is the magnitude of the electric field at P multiplied?

asked 2021-05-14

Consider the accompanying data on flexural strength (MPa) for concrete beams of a certain type.

\(\begin{array}{|c|c|}\hline 11.8 & 7.7 & 6.5 & 6 .8& 9.7 & 6.8 & 7.3 \\ \hline 7.9 & 9.7 & 8.7 & 8.1 & 8.5 & 6.3 & 7.0 \\ \hline 7.3 & 7.4 & 5.3 & 9.0 & 8.1 & 11.3 & 6.3 \\ \hline 7.2 & 7.7 & 7.8 & 11.6 & 10.7 & 7.0 \\ \hline \end{array}\)

a) Calculate a point estimate of the mean value of strength for the conceptual population of all beams manufactured in this fashion. \([Hint.\ ?x_{j}=219.5.]\) (Round your answer to three decimal places.)

MPa

State which estimator you used.

\(x\)

\(p?\)

\(\frac{s}{x}\)

\(s\)

\(\tilde{\chi}\)

b) Calculate a point estimate of the strength value that separates the weakest \(50\%\) of all such beams from the strongest \(50\%\).

MPa

State which estimator you used.

\(s\)

\(x\)

\(p?\)

\(\tilde{\chi}\)

\(\frac{s}{x}\)

c) Calculate a point estimate of the population standard deviation ?. \([Hint:\ ?x_{i}2 = 1859.53.]\) (Round your answer to three decimal places.)

MPa

Interpret this point estimate.

This estimate describes the linearity of the data.

This estimate describes the bias of the data.

This estimate describes the spread of the data.

This estimate describes the center of the data.

Which estimator did you use?

\(\tilde{\chi}\)

\(x\)

\(s\)

\(\frac{s}{x}\)

\(p?\)

d) Calculate a point estimate of the proportion of all such beams whose flexural strength exceeds 10 MPa. [Hint: Think of an observation as a "success" if it exceeds 10.] (Round your answer to three decimal places.)

e) Calculate a point estimate of the population coefficient of variation \(\frac{?}{?}\). (Round your answer to four decimal places.)

State which estimator you used.

\(p?\)

\(\tilde{\chi}\)

\(s\)

\(\frac{s}{x}\)

\(x\)

\(\begin{array}{|c|c|}\hline 11.8 & 7.7 & 6.5 & 6 .8& 9.7 & 6.8 & 7.3 \\ \hline 7.9 & 9.7 & 8.7 & 8.1 & 8.5 & 6.3 & 7.0 \\ \hline 7.3 & 7.4 & 5.3 & 9.0 & 8.1 & 11.3 & 6.3 \\ \hline 7.2 & 7.7 & 7.8 & 11.6 & 10.7 & 7.0 \\ \hline \end{array}\)

a) Calculate a point estimate of the mean value of strength for the conceptual population of all beams manufactured in this fashion. \([Hint.\ ?x_{j}=219.5.]\) (Round your answer to three decimal places.)

MPa

State which estimator you used.

\(x\)

\(p?\)

\(\frac{s}{x}\)

\(s\)

\(\tilde{\chi}\)

b) Calculate a point estimate of the strength value that separates the weakest \(50\%\) of all such beams from the strongest \(50\%\).

MPa

State which estimator you used.

\(s\)

\(x\)

\(p?\)

\(\tilde{\chi}\)

\(\frac{s}{x}\)

c) Calculate a point estimate of the population standard deviation ?. \([Hint:\ ?x_{i}2 = 1859.53.]\) (Round your answer to three decimal places.)

MPa

Interpret this point estimate.

This estimate describes the linearity of the data.

This estimate describes the bias of the data.

This estimate describes the spread of the data.

This estimate describes the center of the data.

Which estimator did you use?

\(\tilde{\chi}\)

\(x\)

\(s\)

\(\frac{s}{x}\)

\(p?\)

d) Calculate a point estimate of the proportion of all such beams whose flexural strength exceeds 10 MPa. [Hint: Think of an observation as a "success" if it exceeds 10.] (Round your answer to three decimal places.)

e) Calculate a point estimate of the population coefficient of variation \(\frac{?}{?}\). (Round your answer to four decimal places.)

State which estimator you used.

\(p?\)

\(\tilde{\chi}\)

\(s\)

\(\frac{s}{x}\)

\(x\)

asked 2021-02-19

A 10 kg objectexperiences a horizontal force which causes it to accelerate at 5 \(\displaystyle\frac{{m}}{{s}^{{2}}}\), moving it a distance of 20 m, horizontally.How much work is done by the force?

A ball is connected to a rope and swung around in uniform circular motion.The tension in the rope is measured at 10 N and the radius of thecircle is 1 m. How much work is done in one revolution around the circle?

A 10 kg weight issuspended in the air by a strong cable. How much work is done, perunit time, in suspending the weight?

A 5 kg block is moved up a 30 degree incline by a force of 50 N, parallel to the incline. The coefficient of kinetic friction between the block and the incline is .25. How much work is done by the 50 N force in moving the block a distance of 10 meters? What is the total workdone on the block over the same distance?

What is the kinetic energy of a 2 kg ball that travels a distance of 50 metersin 5 seconds?

A ball is thrown vertically with a velocity of 25 m/s. How high does it go? What is its velocity when it reaches a height of 25 m?

A ball with enough speed can complete a vertical loop. With what speed must the ballenter the loop to complete a 2 m loop? (Keep in mind that the velocity of the ball is not constant throughout the loop).

A ball is connected to a rope and swung around in uniform circular motion.The tension in the rope is measured at 10 N and the radius of thecircle is 1 m. How much work is done in one revolution around the circle?

A 10 kg weight issuspended in the air by a strong cable. How much work is done, perunit time, in suspending the weight?

A 5 kg block is moved up a 30 degree incline by a force of 50 N, parallel to the incline. The coefficient of kinetic friction between the block and the incline is .25. How much work is done by the 50 N force in moving the block a distance of 10 meters? What is the total workdone on the block over the same distance?

What is the kinetic energy of a 2 kg ball that travels a distance of 50 metersin 5 seconds?

A ball is thrown vertically with a velocity of 25 m/s. How high does it go? What is its velocity when it reaches a height of 25 m?

A ball with enough speed can complete a vertical loop. With what speed must the ballenter the loop to complete a 2 m loop? (Keep in mind that the velocity of the ball is not constant throughout the loop).

asked 2021-04-30

Two oppositely charged but otherwise identical conducting plates of area 2.50 square centimeters are separated by a dielectric 1.80 millimeters thick, with a dielectric constant of K=3.60. The resultant electric field in the dielectric is \(\displaystyle{1.20}\times{10}^{{6}}\) volts per meter.

Compute the magnitude of the charge per unit area \(\displaystyle\sigma\) on the conducting plate.

\(\displaystyle\sigma={\frac{{{c}}}{{{m}^{{2}}}}}\)

Compute the magnitude of the charge per unit area \(\displaystyle\sigma_{{1}}\) on the surfaces of the dielectric.

\(\displaystyle\sigma_{{1}}={\frac{{{c}}}{{{m}^{{2}}}}}\)

Find the total electric-field energy U stored in the capacitor.

u=J

Compute the magnitude of the charge per unit area \(\displaystyle\sigma\) on the conducting plate.

\(\displaystyle\sigma={\frac{{{c}}}{{{m}^{{2}}}}}\)

Compute the magnitude of the charge per unit area \(\displaystyle\sigma_{{1}}\) on the surfaces of the dielectric.

\(\displaystyle\sigma_{{1}}={\frac{{{c}}}{{{m}^{{2}}}}}\)

Find the total electric-field energy U stored in the capacitor.

u=J

asked 2021-03-24

A 2.4-kg object is attached to a horizontal spring of forceconstant k=4.5 kN/m. The spring is stretched 10 cm fromequilibrium and released. Find (a) the frequency of themotion, (b) the period, (c) the amplitude, (d) the maximum speed,and (e) the maximum acceleration. (f) When does the objectfirst reach its equilibrium position? What is itsacceleration at this time?

Two identical blocks placed one on top of the other rest on africtionless horizontal air track. The lower block isattached to a spring of spring constant k= 600 N/m. Whendisplaced slightly from its equilibrium position, the systemoscillates with a frequency of 1.8 Hz. When the amplitude ofoscillation exceeds 5 cm, the upper block starts to slide relativeto the lower one. (a) What are the masses of the twoblocks? (b) What is the coefficient of static frictionbetween the two blocks?

Two identical blocks placed one on top of the other rest on africtionless horizontal air track. The lower block isattached to a spring of spring constant k= 600 N/m. Whendisplaced slightly from its equilibrium position, the systemoscillates with a frequency of 1.8 Hz. When the amplitude ofoscillation exceeds 5 cm, the upper block starts to slide relativeto the lower one. (a) What are the masses of the twoblocks? (b) What is the coefficient of static frictionbetween the two blocks?

asked 2021-03-22

A box is sliding with a speed of 4.50 m/s on a horizontal surface when, at point P, it encounters a rough section. On the rough section, the coefficient of friction is not constant but starts at .100 at P and increases linerly with distance past P, reaching a value of .600 at 12.5 m past point P. (a) Use the work energy theorem to find how far this box slides before stopping. (b) What is the coefficient of friction at the stopping point? (c) How far would the box have slid iff the friciton coefficient didn't increase, but instead had the constant value of .1?

asked 2021-05-21

The pmf of the amount of memory X (GB) in a purchased flash drive is given as the following.

\(\begin{array}{|c|c|}\hline x & 1 & 2 & 4 & 8 & 16 \\ \hline p(x) & 0.05 & 0.10 & 0.30 & 0.45 & 0.10 \\ \hline \end{array} \)

a) Compute E(X). (Enter your answer to two decimal places.) GB

b) Compute V(X) directly from the definition. (Enter your answer to four decimal places.) \(GB^{2}\)

c) Compute the standard deviation of X. (Round your answer to three decimal places.) GB

d) Compute V(X) using the shortcut formula. (Enter your answer to four decimal places.) \(GB^{2}\)

\(\begin{array}{|c|c|}\hline x & 1 & 2 & 4 & 8 & 16 \\ \hline p(x) & 0.05 & 0.10 & 0.30 & 0.45 & 0.10 \\ \hline \end{array} \)

a) Compute E(X). (Enter your answer to two decimal places.) GB

b) Compute V(X) directly from the definition. (Enter your answer to four decimal places.) \(GB^{2}\)

c) Compute the standard deviation of X. (Round your answer to three decimal places.) GB

d) Compute V(X) using the shortcut formula. (Enter your answer to four decimal places.) \(GB^{2}\)

asked 2021-02-27

An alpha particle (a He nucleus, containing two protons and two neutrons and having a mass of \(\displaystyle{6.64}\cdot{10}^{{-{27}}}\) kg) traveling horizontally at 35.6 km/s enters a uniform, vertical, 1.10 T magnetic field.

A) What is the diameter of the path followed by this alpha particle?

B) What effect does the magnetic field have on the speed of the particle?

C) What are the magnitude of the acceleration of the alpha particle while it is in the magnetic field?

D) What are the direction of the acceleration of the alpha particle while it is in the magnetic field?

A) What is the diameter of the path followed by this alpha particle?

B) What effect does the magnetic field have on the speed of the particle?

C) What are the magnitude of the acceleration of the alpha particle while it is in the magnetic field?

D) What are the direction of the acceleration of the alpha particle while it is in the magnetic field?

asked 2021-03-26

A pair of slits, separated by 0.150 mm, is illuminated by light having a wavelength of ? = 561 nm. An interference pattern is observed on a screen 122 cm from the slits. Consider a point on the screen located at y = 2.00 cm from the central maximum of this pattern.

(a) What is the path difference ? for the two slits at the location y?

(b) Express this path difference in terms of the wavelength.

(a) What is the path difference ? for the two slits at the location y?

(b) Express this path difference in terms of the wavelength.