For angle \(\displaystyleθ{<}{45}^{{\circ}}\)</span>,the projectile thrown at angle θ will be in the air for ashorter interval. For the smaller angle , the vertical componant( v \(\displaystyle{\sin{

Question

asked 2021-05-09

The dominant form of drag experienced by vehicles (bikes, cars,planes, etc.) at operating speeds is called form drag. Itincreases quadratically with velocity (essentially because theamount of air you run into increase with v and so does the amount of force you must exert on each small volume of air). Thus

\(\displaystyle{F}_{{{d}{r}{u}{g}}}={C}_{{d}}{A}{v}^{{2}}\)

where A is the cross-sectional area of the vehicle and \(\displaystyle{C}_{{d}}\) is called the coefficient of drag.

Part A:

Consider a vehicle moving with constant velocity \(\displaystyle\vec{{{v}}}\). Find the power dissipated by form drag.

Express your answer in terms of \(\displaystyle{C}_{{d}},{A},\) and speed v.

Part B:

A certain car has an engine that provides a maximum power \(\displaystyle{P}_{{0}}\). Suppose that the maximum speed of thee car, \(\displaystyle{v}_{{0}}\), is limited by a drag force proportional to the square of the speed (as in the previous part). The car engine is now modified, so that the new power \(\displaystyle{P}_{{1}}\) is 10 percent greater than the original power (\(\displaystyle{P}_{{1}}={110}\%{P}_{{0}}\)).

Assume the following:

The top speed is limited by air drag.

The magnitude of the force of air drag at these speeds is proportional to the square of the speed.

By what percentage, \(\displaystyle{\frac{{{v}_{{1}}-{v}_{{0}}}}{{{v}_{{0}}}}}\), is the top speed of the car increased?

Express the percent increase in top speed numerically to two significant figures.

\(\displaystyle{F}_{{{d}{r}{u}{g}}}={C}_{{d}}{A}{v}^{{2}}\)

where A is the cross-sectional area of the vehicle and \(\displaystyle{C}_{{d}}\) is called the coefficient of drag.

Part A:

Consider a vehicle moving with constant velocity \(\displaystyle\vec{{{v}}}\). Find the power dissipated by form drag.

Express your answer in terms of \(\displaystyle{C}_{{d}},{A},\) and speed v.

Part B:

A certain car has an engine that provides a maximum power \(\displaystyle{P}_{{0}}\). Suppose that the maximum speed of thee car, \(\displaystyle{v}_{{0}}\), is limited by a drag force proportional to the square of the speed (as in the previous part). The car engine is now modified, so that the new power \(\displaystyle{P}_{{1}}\) is 10 percent greater than the original power (\(\displaystyle{P}_{{1}}={110}\%{P}_{{0}}\)).

Assume the following:

The top speed is limited by air drag.

The magnitude of the force of air drag at these speeds is proportional to the square of the speed.

By what percentage, \(\displaystyle{\frac{{{v}_{{1}}-{v}_{{0}}}}{{{v}_{{0}}}}}\), is the top speed of the car increased?

Express the percent increase in top speed numerically to two significant figures.

asked 2021-04-21

Car 1 has a mass of m1 = 65 ❝ 103 kg and moves at a velocity of v01 = +0.81 m/s. Car 2, with a mass of m2 = 92 ❝ 103 kg and a velocity of v02 = +1.2 m/s, overtakes car 1 and couples to it. Neglect the effects of friction in your answer.

(a) Determine the velocity of their center of mass before the collision m/s

(b) Determine the velocity of their center of mass after the collision m/s

(c) Should your answer in part (b) be less than, greater than, or equal to the common velocity vf of the two coupled cars after the collision? less than greater than equal to

(a) Determine the velocity of their center of mass before the collision m/s

(b) Determine the velocity of their center of mass after the collision m/s

(c) Should your answer in part (b) be less than, greater than, or equal to the common velocity vf of the two coupled cars after the collision? less than greater than equal to

asked 2021-05-16

Look Out! A snowball rolls off a barn roof that slopes downward at an angle of 40 degrees . The edge of the roof is 14.0 m above the ground, and the snowball has a speed of 7.00 m/s as it rolls off the roof. Ignore air resistance.

A man 1.9 m tall is standing 4.0 m from the edge of the barn. Will he be hit by the snowball?

A man 1.9 m tall is standing 4.0 m from the edge of the barn. Will he be hit by the snowball?

asked 2021-03-12

A 75.0-kg man steps off a platform 3.10 m above the ground. Hekeeps his legs straight as he falls, but at the moment his feettouch the ground his knees begin to bend, and, treated as aparticle, he moves an additional 0.60 m before coming torest.

a) what is the speed at the instant his feet touch theground?

b) treating him as a particle, what is his acceleration(magnitude and direction) as he slows down, if the acceleration isassumed to be constant?

c) draw his free-body diagram (see section 4.6). in termsof forces on the diagram, what is the net force on him? usenewton's laws and the results of part (b) to calculate the averageforce his feet exert on the ground while he slows down. expressthis force in newtons and also as a multiple of his weight.

a) what is the speed at the instant his feet touch theground?

b) treating him as a particle, what is his acceleration(magnitude and direction) as he slows down, if the acceleration isassumed to be constant?

c) draw his free-body diagram (see section 4.6). in termsof forces on the diagram, what is the net force on him? usenewton's laws and the results of part (b) to calculate the averageforce his feet exert on the ground while he slows down. expressthis force in newtons and also as a multiple of his weight.

asked 2021-03-29

Two stationary point charges +3 nC and + 2nC are separated bya distance of 50cm. An electron is released from rest at a pointmidway between the two charges and moves along the line connectingthe two charges. What is the speed of the electron when it is 10cmfrom +3nC charge?

Besides the hints I'd like to ask you to give me numericalsolution so I can verify my answer later on. It would be nice ifyou could write it out, but a numerical anser would be fine alongwith the hint how to get there.

Besides the hints I'd like to ask you to give me numericalsolution so I can verify my answer later on. It would be nice ifyou could write it out, but a numerical anser would be fine alongwith the hint how to get there.

asked 2021-02-14

Dayton Power and Light, Inc., has a power plant on the Miami Riverwhere the river is 800 ft wide. To lay a new cable from the plantto a location in the city 2 mi downstream on the opposite sidecosts $180 per foot across the river and $100 per foot along theland.

(a) Suppose that the cable goes from the plant to a point Q on theopposite side that is x ft from the point P directly opposite theplant. Write a function C(x) that gives the cost of laying thecable in terms of the distance x.

(b) Generate a table of values to determin if the least expensivelocation for point Q is less than 2000 ft or greater than 2000 ftfrom point P.

(a) Suppose that the cable goes from the plant to a point Q on theopposite side that is x ft from the point P directly opposite theplant. Write a function C(x) that gives the cost of laying thecable in terms of the distance x.

(b) Generate a table of values to determin if the least expensivelocation for point Q is less than 2000 ft or greater than 2000 ftfrom point P.

asked 2021-05-12

4.7 A multiprocessor with eight processors has 20attached tape drives. There is a large number of jobs submitted tothe system that each require a maximum of four tape drives tocomplete execution. Assume that each job starts running with onlythree tape drives for a long period before requiring the fourthtape drive for a short period toward the end of its operation. Alsoassume an endless supply of such jobs.

a) Assume the scheduler in the OS will not start a job unlessthere are four tape drives available. When a job is started, fourdrives are assigned immediately and are not released until the jobfinishes. What is the maximum number of jobs that can be inprogress at once? What is the maximum and minimum number of tapedrives that may be left idle as a result of this policy?

b) Suggest an alternative policy to improve tape driveutilization and at the same time avoid system deadlock. What is themaximum number of jobs that can be in progress at once? What arethe bounds on the number of idling tape drives?

a) Assume the scheduler in the OS will not start a job unlessthere are four tape drives available. When a job is started, fourdrives are assigned immediately and are not released until the jobfinishes. What is the maximum number of jobs that can be inprogress at once? What is the maximum and minimum number of tapedrives that may be left idle as a result of this policy?

b) Suggest an alternative policy to improve tape driveutilization and at the same time avoid system deadlock. What is themaximum number of jobs that can be in progress at once? What arethe bounds on the number of idling tape drives?

asked 2021-05-20

Assume that a ball of charged particles has a uniformly distributednegative charge density except for a narrow radial tunnel throughits center, from the surface on one side to the surface on the opposite side. Also assume that we can position a proton any where along the tunnel or outside the ball. Let \(\displaystyle{F}_{{R}}\) be the magnitude of the electrostatic force on the proton when it islocated at the ball's surface, at radius R. As a multiple ofR, how far from the surface is there a point where the forcemagnitude is 0.44FR if we move the proton(a) away from the ball and (b) into the tunnel?

asked 2021-05-13

A movie stuntman (mass 80.0kg) stands on a window ledge 5.0 mabove the floor. Grabbing a rope attached to a chandelier, heswings down to grapple with the movie's villian (mass 70.0 kg), whois standing directly under the chandelier.(assume that thestuntman's center of mass moves downward 5.0 m. He releasesthe rope just as he reaches the villian).

a) with what speed do the entwined foes start to slide acrossthe floor?

b) if the coefficient of kinetic friction of their bodies withthe floor is 0.250, how far do they slide?

a) with what speed do the entwined foes start to slide acrossthe floor?

b) if the coefficient of kinetic friction of their bodies withthe floor is 0.250, how far do they slide?

asked 2021-02-16

A quarterback claims that he can throw the football ahorizontal distance of 183 m (200 yd). Furthermore, he claims thathe can do this by launching the ball at the relatively low angle of 30.0 degree above the horizontal. To evaluate this claim, determinethe speed with which this quarterback must throw the ball. Assumethat the ball is launched and caught at the same vertical level andthat air resistance can be ignored. For comparison, a baseballpitcher who can accurately throw a fastball at 45 m/s (100 mph)would be considered exceptional.