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Question

asked 2020-12-13

A radio station gives a pair of concert tickets to the six caller who knows the birthday of the performer. For each person who calls, the probability is 0.75 of knowing the performer's birthday. All calls are independent.

a) What is the PMF of L, the numberof calls necessary to find the winner? MSK b) What is the probability of finding the winner on the tenth caller?

c) What is the probability of finding the winner on the tenth caller?

a) What is the PMF of L, the numberof calls necessary to find the winner? MSK b) What is the probability of finding the winner on the tenth caller?

c) What is the probability of finding the winner on the tenth caller?

asked 2021-02-25

We will now add support for register-memory ALU operations to the classic five-stage RISC pipeline. To offset this increase in complexity, all memory addressing will be restricted to register indirect (i.e., all addresses are simply a value held in a register; no offset or displacement may be added to the register value). For example, the register-memory instruction add x4, x5, (x1) means add the contents of register x5 to the contents of the memory location with address equal to the value in register x1 and put the sum in register x4. Register-register ALU operations are unchanged. The following items apply to the integer RISC pipeline:

a. List a rearranged order of the five traditional stages of the RISC pipeline that will support register-memory operations implemented exclusively by register indirect addressing.

b. Describe what new forwarding paths are needed for the rearranged pipeline by stating the source, destination, and information transferred on each needed new path.

c. For the reordered stages of the RISC pipeline, what new data hazards are created by this addressing mode? Give an instruction sequence illustrating each new hazard.

d. List all of the ways that the RISC pipeline with register-memory ALU operations can have a different instruction count for a given program than the original RISC pipeline. Give a pair of specific instruction sequences, one for the original pipeline and one for the rearranged pipeline, to illustrate each way.

Hint for (d): Give a pair of instruction sequences where the RISC pipeline has “more” instructions than the reg-mem architecture. Also give a pair of instruction sequences where the RISC pipeline has “fewer” instructions than the reg-mem architecture.

a. List a rearranged order of the five traditional stages of the RISC pipeline that will support register-memory operations implemented exclusively by register indirect addressing.

b. Describe what new forwarding paths are needed for the rearranged pipeline by stating the source, destination, and information transferred on each needed new path.

c. For the reordered stages of the RISC pipeline, what new data hazards are created by this addressing mode? Give an instruction sequence illustrating each new hazard.

d. List all of the ways that the RISC pipeline with register-memory ALU operations can have a different instruction count for a given program than the original RISC pipeline. Give a pair of specific instruction sequences, one for the original pipeline and one for the rearranged pipeline, to illustrate each way.

Hint for (d): Give a pair of instruction sequences where the RISC pipeline has “more” instructions than the reg-mem architecture. Also give a pair of instruction sequences where the RISC pipeline has “fewer” instructions than the reg-mem architecture.

asked 2021-05-18

The student engineer of a campus radio station wishes to verify the effectivencess of the lightning rod on the antenna mast. The unknown resistance \(\displaystyle{R}_{{x}}\) is between points C and E. Point E is a "true ground", but is inaccessible for direct measurement because the stratum in which it is located is several meters below Earth's surface. Two identical rods are driven into the ground at A and B, introducing an unknown resistance \(\displaystyle{R}_{{y}}\). The procedure for finding the unknown resistance \(\displaystyle{R}_{{x}}\) is as follows. Measure resistance \(\displaystyle{R}_{{1}}\) between points A and B. Then connect A and B with a heavy conducting wire and measure resistance \(\displaystyle{R}_{{2}}\) between points A and C.Derive a formula for \(\displaystyle{R}_{{x}}\) in terms of the observable resistances \(\displaystyle{R}_{{1}}\) and \(\displaystyle{R}_{{2}}\). A satisfactory ground resistance would be \(\displaystyle{R}_{{x}}{<}{2.0}\) Ohms. Is the grounding of the station adequate if measurments give \(\displaystyle{R}_{{1}}={13}{O}{h}{m}{s}\) and R_2=6.0 Ohms?

asked 2021-05-05

The bulk density of soil is defined as the mass of dry solidsper unit bulk volume. A high bulk density implies a compact soilwith few pores. Bulk density is an important factor in influencing root development, seedling emergence, and aeration. Let X denotethe bulk density of Pima clay loam. Studies show that X is normally distributed with \(\displaystyle\mu={1.5}\) and \(\displaystyle\sigma={0.2}\frac{{g}}{{c}}{m}^{{3}}\).

(a) What is thedensity for X? Sketch a graph of the density function. Indicate onthis graph the probability that X lies between 1.1 and 1.9. Findthis probability.

(b) Find the probability that arandomly selected sample of Pima clay loam will have bulk densityless than \(\displaystyle{0.9}\frac{{g}}{{c}}{m}^{{3}}\).

(c) Would you be surprised if a randomly selected sample of this type of soil has a bulkdensity in excess of \(\displaystyle{2.0}\frac{{g}}{{c}}{m}^{{3}}\)? Explain, based on theprobability of this occurring.

(d) What point has the property that only 10% of the soil samples have bulk density this high orhigher?

(e) What is the moment generating function for X?

(a) What is thedensity for X? Sketch a graph of the density function. Indicate onthis graph the probability that X lies between 1.1 and 1.9. Findthis probability.

(b) Find the probability that arandomly selected sample of Pima clay loam will have bulk densityless than \(\displaystyle{0.9}\frac{{g}}{{c}}{m}^{{3}}\).

(c) Would you be surprised if a randomly selected sample of this type of soil has a bulkdensity in excess of \(\displaystyle{2.0}\frac{{g}}{{c}}{m}^{{3}}\)? Explain, based on theprobability of this occurring.

(d) What point has the property that only 10% of the soil samples have bulk density this high orhigher?

(e) What is the moment generating function for X?

asked 2021-06-13

1. Who seems to have more variability in their shoe sizes, men or women?

a) Men

b) Women

c) Neither group show variability

d) Flag this Question

2. In general, why use the estimate of \(n-1\) rather than n in the computation of the standard deviation and variance?

a) The estimate n-1 is better because it is used for calculating the population variance and standard deviation

b) The estimate n-1 is never used to calculate the sample variance and standard deviation

c) \(n-1\) provides an unbiased estimate of the population and allows more variability when using a sample and gives a better mathematical estimate of the population

d) The estimate n-1 is better because it is use for calculation of both the population and sample variance as well as standard deviation.

\(\begin{array}{|c|c|}\hline \text{Shoe Size (in cm)} & \text{Gender (M of F)} \\ \hline 25.7 & M \\ \hline 25.4 & F \\ \hline 23.8 & F \\ \hline 25.4 & F \\ \hline 26.7 & M \\ \hline 23.8 & F \\ \hline 25.4 & F \\ \hline 25.4 & F \\ \hline 25.7 & M \\ \hline 25.7 & F \\ \hline 23.5 & F \\ \hline 23.1 & F \\ \hline 26 & M \\ \hline 23.5 & F \\ \hline 26.7 & F \\ \hline 26 & M \\ \hline 23.1 & F \\ \hline 25.1 & F \\ \hline 27 & M \\ \hline 25.4 & F \\ \hline 23.5 & F \\ \hline 23.8 & F \\ \hline 27 & M \\ \hline 25.7 & F \\ \hline \end{array}\)

\(\begin{array}{|c|c|}\hline \text{Shoe Size (in cm)} & \text{Gender (M of F)} \\ \hline 27.6 & M \\ \hline 26.9 & F \\ \hline 26 & F \\ \hline 28.4 & M \\ \hline 23.5 & F \\ \hline 27 & F \\ \hline 25.1 & F \\ \hline 28.4 & M \\ \hline 23.1 & F \\ \hline 23.8 & F \\ \hline 26 & F \\ \hline 25.4 & M \\ \hline 23.8 & F \\ \hline 24.8 & M \\ \hline 25.1 & F \\ \hline 24.8 & F \\ \hline 26 & M \\ \hline 25.4 & F \\ \hline 26 & M \\ \hline 27 & M \\ \hline 25.7 & F \\ \hline 27 & M \\ \hline 23.5 & F \\ \hline 29 & F \\ \hline \end{array}\)

a) Men

b) Women

c) Neither group show variability

d) Flag this Question

2. In general, why use the estimate of \(n-1\) rather than n in the computation of the standard deviation and variance?

a) The estimate n-1 is better because it is used for calculating the population variance and standard deviation

b) The estimate n-1 is never used to calculate the sample variance and standard deviation

c) \(n-1\) provides an unbiased estimate of the population and allows more variability when using a sample and gives a better mathematical estimate of the population

d) The estimate n-1 is better because it is use for calculation of both the population and sample variance as well as standard deviation.

\(\begin{array}{|c|c|}\hline \text{Shoe Size (in cm)} & \text{Gender (M of F)} \\ \hline 25.7 & M \\ \hline 25.4 & F \\ \hline 23.8 & F \\ \hline 25.4 & F \\ \hline 26.7 & M \\ \hline 23.8 & F \\ \hline 25.4 & F \\ \hline 25.4 & F \\ \hline 25.7 & M \\ \hline 25.7 & F \\ \hline 23.5 & F \\ \hline 23.1 & F \\ \hline 26 & M \\ \hline 23.5 & F \\ \hline 26.7 & F \\ \hline 26 & M \\ \hline 23.1 & F \\ \hline 25.1 & F \\ \hline 27 & M \\ \hline 25.4 & F \\ \hline 23.5 & F \\ \hline 23.8 & F \\ \hline 27 & M \\ \hline 25.7 & F \\ \hline \end{array}\)

\(\begin{array}{|c|c|}\hline \text{Shoe Size (in cm)} & \text{Gender (M of F)} \\ \hline 27.6 & M \\ \hline 26.9 & F \\ \hline 26 & F \\ \hline 28.4 & M \\ \hline 23.5 & F \\ \hline 27 & F \\ \hline 25.1 & F \\ \hline 28.4 & M \\ \hline 23.1 & F \\ \hline 23.8 & F \\ \hline 26 & F \\ \hline 25.4 & M \\ \hline 23.8 & F \\ \hline 24.8 & M \\ \hline 25.1 & F \\ \hline 24.8 & F \\ \hline 26 & M \\ \hline 25.4 & F \\ \hline 26 & M \\ \hline 27 & M \\ \hline 25.7 & F \\ \hline 27 & M \\ \hline 23.5 & F \\ \hline 29 & F \\ \hline \end{array}\)

asked 2021-05-16

Consider the curves in the first quadrant that have equationsy=Aexp(7x), where A is a positive constant. Different valuesof A give different curves. The curves form a family,F. Let P=(6,6). Let C be the number of the family Fthat goes through P.

A. Let y=f(x) be the equation of C. Find f(x).

B. Find the slope at P of the tangent to C.

C. A curve D is a perpendicular to C at P. What is the slope of thetangent to D at the point P?

D. Give a formula g(y) for the slope at (x,y) of the member of Fthat goes through (x,y). The formula should not involve A orx.

E. A curve which at each of its points is perpendicular to themember of the family F that goes through that point is called anorthogonal trajectory of F. Each orthogonal trajectory to Fsatisfies the differential equation dy/dx = -1/g(y), where g(y) isthe answer to part D.

Find a function of h(y) such that x=h(y) is the equation of theorthogonal trajectory to F that passes through the point P.

A. Let y=f(x) be the equation of C. Find f(x).

B. Find the slope at P of the tangent to C.

C. A curve D is a perpendicular to C at P. What is the slope of thetangent to D at the point P?

D. Give a formula g(y) for the slope at (x,y) of the member of Fthat goes through (x,y). The formula should not involve A orx.

E. A curve which at each of its points is perpendicular to themember of the family F that goes through that point is called anorthogonal trajectory of F. Each orthogonal trajectory to Fsatisfies the differential equation dy/dx = -1/g(y), where g(y) isthe answer to part D.

Find a function of h(y) such that x=h(y) is the equation of theorthogonal trajectory to F that passes through the point P.

asked 2021-05-30

Justine works for an organization committed to raising money for Alzheimer’s research. From past experience, the organization knows that about 20% of all potential donors will agree to give something if contacted by phone. They also know that of all people donating, about 5% will give $100 or more. On average, how many potential donors will she have to contact until she gets her first $100 donor?

asked 2021-05-05

A random sample of \( n_1 = 14 \) winter days in Denver gave a sample mean pollution index \( x_1 = 43 \).

Previous studies show that \( \sigma_1 = 19 \).

For Englewood (a suburb of Denver), a random sample of \( n_2 = 12 \) winter days gave a sample mean pollution index of \( x_2 = 37 \).

Previous studies show that \( \sigma_2 = 13 \).

Assume the pollution index is normally distributed in both Englewood and Denver.

(a) State the null and alternate hypotheses.

\( H_0:\mu_1=\mu_2.\mu_1>\mu_2 \)

\( H_0:\mu_1<\mu_2.\mu_1=\mu_2 \)

\( H_0:\mu_1=\mu_2.\mu_1<\mu_2 \)

\( H_0:\mu_1=\mu_2.\mu_1\neq\mu_2 \)

(b) What sampling distribution will you use? What assumptions are you making? NKS The Student's t. We assume that both population distributions are approximately normal with known standard deviations.

The standard normal. We assume that both population distributions are approximately normal with unknown standard deviations.

The standard normal. We assume that both population distributions are approximately normal with known standard deviations.

The Student's t. We assume that both population distributions are approximately normal with unknown standard deviations.

(c) What is the value of the sample test statistic? Compute the corresponding z or t value as appropriate.

(Test the difference \( \mu_1 - \mu_2 \). Round your answer to two decimal places.) NKS (d) Find (or estimate) the P-value. (Round your answer to four decimal places.)

(e) Based on your answers in parts (i)−(iii), will you reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis? Are the data statistically significant at level \alpha?

At the \( \alpha = 0.01 \) level, we fail to reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are not statistically significant.

At the \( \alpha = 0.01 \) level, we reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are statistically significant.

At the \( \alpha = 0.01 \) level, we fail to reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are statistically significant.

At the \( \alpha = 0.01 \) level, we reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are not statistically significant.

(f) Interpret your conclusion in the context of the application.

Reject the null hypothesis, there is insufficient evidence that there is a difference in mean pollution index for Englewood and Denver.

Reject the null hypothesis, there is sufficient evidence that there is a difference in mean pollution index for Englewood and Denver.

Fail to reject the null hypothesis, there is insufficient evidence that there is a difference in mean pollution index for Englewood and Denver.

Fail to reject the null hypothesis, there is sufficient evidence that there is a difference in mean pollution index for Englewood and Denver. (g) Find a 99% confidence interval for

\( \mu_1 - \mu_2 \).

(Round your answers to two decimal places.)

lower limit

upper limit

(h) Explain the meaning of the confidence interval in the context of the problem.

Because the interval contains only positive numbers, this indicates that at the 99% confidence level, the mean population pollution index for Englewood is greater than that of Denver.

Because the interval contains both positive and negative numbers, this indicates that at the 99% confidence level, we can not say that the mean population pollution index for Englewood is different than that of Denver.

Because the interval contains both positive and negative numbers, this indicates that at the 99% confidence level, the mean population pollution index for Englewood is greater than that of Denver.

Because the interval contains only negative numbers, this indicates that at the 99% confidence level, the mean population pollution index for Englewood is less than that of Denver.

asked 2021-03-26

A pair of forces with equal magnitudes, opposite directions,and different lines of action is called a "couple". When acouple acts on a rigid object, the couple produces a torque thatdoes not depend on the location of the axis. The drawing shows acouple acting on a tire wrench, each force being perpendicular tothe wrench. Determine an expression for the torque produced by thecouple when the axis is perpendicular to the tired and passesthrough (a) point A, (b) point B, and (c) point C. Express youranswers in terms of the magnitude F of the force and the length Lof the wrench

asked 2021-05-12

4.7 A multiprocessor with eight processors has 20attached tape drives. There is a large number of jobs submitted tothe system that each require a maximum of four tape drives tocomplete execution. Assume that each job starts running with onlythree tape drives for a long period before requiring the fourthtape drive for a short period toward the end of its operation. Alsoassume an endless supply of such jobs.

a) Assume the scheduler in the OS will not start a job unlessthere are four tape drives available. When a job is started, fourdrives are assigned immediately and are not released until the jobfinishes. What is the maximum number of jobs that can be inprogress at once? What is the maximum and minimum number of tapedrives that may be left idle as a result of this policy?

b) Suggest an alternative policy to improve tape driveutilization and at the same time avoid system deadlock. What is themaximum number of jobs that can be in progress at once? What arethe bounds on the number of idling tape drives?

a) Assume the scheduler in the OS will not start a job unlessthere are four tape drives available. When a job is started, fourdrives are assigned immediately and are not released until the jobfinishes. What is the maximum number of jobs that can be inprogress at once? What is the maximum and minimum number of tapedrives that may be left idle as a result of this policy?

b) Suggest an alternative policy to improve tape driveutilization and at the same time avoid system deadlock. What is themaximum number of jobs that can be in progress at once? What arethe bounds on the number of idling tape drives?