The Bureau of Transportation Statistics Omnibus Household Survey is conducted annually and serves as an information source for the U.S. Department of Transportation. In one part of the survey the person being interviewed was asked to respond to the following statement: "Drivers of motor vehicles should be allowed to talk on a hand-held cell phone while driving." Possible responses were strongly agree, some what agree, some what disagree, and strongly disagree. Forty-four respondents said that they strongly agree with this statement, 120 said that they some what agree, 165 said they some what disagree, and 755 said they strongly disagree with this statement. Do the responses for this statement provide categorical or quantitative data?

Question
Analyzing categorical data
asked 2021-01-31
The Bureau of Transportation Statistics Omnibus Household Survey is conducted annually and serves as an information source for the U.S. Department of Transportation. In one part of the survey the person being interviewed was asked to respond to the following statement: "Drivers of motor vehicles should be allowed to talk on a hand-held cell phone while driving." Possible responses were strongly agree, some what agree, some what disagree, and strongly disagree. Forty-four respondents said that they strongly agree with this statement, 120 said that they some what agree, 165 said they some what disagree, and 755 said they strongly disagree with this statement.
Do the responses for this statement provide categorical or quantitative data?

Answers (1)

2021-02-01
In a survey, the possible responses for "Drivers of motor vehicles should be allowed to talk on a hand-held cell phone while driving" are strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, and strongly disagree. The number of the respondents who say strongly agree is 44, somewhat agree is 120, somewhat disagree is 165, and strongly disagree is 755.
Categorical variable:
Labels or names that are used for recognizing an attribute of each element is called the categorical data. That is, the data can be grouped under specific categories. Hence, a variable with the categorical data is called categorical variable.
Quantitative variable:
The data that take up numerical values or counting values are called quantitative data. A variable with quantitative data is called the quantitative variable.
In a survey, the possible responses strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, and strongly disagree. That is, the responses are categorized in any one of the four categories.
Thus, the data are categorical.
0

Relevant Questions

asked 2021-01-22
The Kroger Company is one of the largest grocery retailers in the United States, with over 2000 grocery stores across the country. Kroger uses an online customer opinion questionnaire to obtain performance data about its products and services and learn about what motivates its customers (Kroger website, April 2012). In the survey, Kroger customers were asked if they would be willing to pay more for products that had each of the following four characteristics.
The four questions were: Would you pay more for:
products that have a brand name?
products that are environmentally friendly?
products that are organic?
products that have been recommended by others?
For each question, the customers had the option of responding Yes if they would pay more or No if they would not pay more.
a. Are the data collected by Kroger in this example categorical or quantitative?
asked 2020-10-23
The table below shows the number of people for three different race groups who were shot by police that were either armed or unarmed. These values are very close to the exact numbers. They have been changed slightly for each student to get a unique problem.
Suspect was Armed:
Black - 543
White - 1176
Hispanic - 378
Total - 2097
Suspect was unarmed:
Black - 60
White - 67
Hispanic - 38
Total - 165
Total:
Black - 603
White - 1243
Hispanic - 416
Total - 2262
Give your answer as a decimal to at least three decimal places.
a) What percent are Black?
b) What percent are Unarmed?
c) In order for two variables to be Independent of each other, the P \((A and B) = P(A) \cdot P(B) P(A and B) = P(A) \cdot P(B).\)
This just means that the percentage of times that both things happen equals the individual percentages multiplied together (Only if they are Independent of each other).
Therefore, if a person's race is independent of whether they were killed being unarmed then the percentage of black people that are killed while being unarmed should equal the percentage of blacks times the percentage of Unarmed. Let's check this. Multiply your answer to part a (percentage of blacks) by your answer to part b (percentage of unarmed).
Remember, the previous answer is only correct if the variables are Independent.
d) Now let's get the real percent that are Black and Unarmed by using the table?
If answer c is "significantly different" than answer d, then that means that there could be a different percentage of unarmed people being shot based on race. We will check this out later in the course.
Let's compare the percentage of unarmed shot for each race.
e) What percent are White and Unarmed?
f) What percent are Hispanic and Unarmed?
If you compare answers d, e and f it shows the highest percentage of unarmed people being shot is most likely white.
Why is that?
This is because there are more white people in the United States than any other race and therefore there are likely to be more white people in the table. Since there are more white people in the table, there most likely would be more white and unarmed people shot by police than any other race. This pulls the percentage of white and unarmed up. In addition, there most likely would be more white and armed shot by police. All the percentages for white people would be higher, because there are more white people. For example, the table contains very few Hispanic people, and the percentage of people in the table that were Hispanic and unarmed is the lowest percentage.
Think of it this way. If you went to a college that was 90% female and 10% male, then females would most likely have the highest percentage of A grades. They would also most likely have the highest percentage of B, C, D and F grades
The correct way to compare is "conditional probability". Conditional probability is getting the probability of something happening, given we are dealing with just the people in a particular group.
g) What percent of blacks shot and killed by police were unarmed?
h) What percent of whites shot and killed by police were unarmed?
i) What percent of Hispanics shot and killed by police were unarmed?
You can see by the answers to part g and h, that the percentage of blacks that were unarmed and killed by police is approximately twice that of whites that were unarmed and killed by police.
j) Why do you believe this is happening?
Do a search on the internet for reasons why blacks are more likely to be killed by police. Read a few articles on the topic. Write your response using the articles as references. Give the websites used in your response. Your answer should be several sentences long with at least one website listed. This part of this problem will be graded after the due date.
asked 2020-11-07
1)A rewiew of voted registration record in a small town yielded the dollowing data of the number of males and females registered as Democrat, Republican, or some other affilation: \(\displaystyle{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{a}{r}{r}{a}{y}\right\rbrace}{\left\lbrace{c}\right\rbrace}{G}{e}{n}{d}{e}{r}\backslash{h}{l}\in{e}{A}{f}{f}{i}{l}{a}{t}{i}{o}{n}&{M}{a}\le&{F}{e}{m}{a}\le\backslash{h}{l}\in{e}{D}{e}{m}{o}{c}{r}{a}{t}&{300}&{600}\backslash{R}{e}{p}{u}{b}{l}{i}{c}{a}{n}&{500}&{300}\backslash{O}{t}{h}{e}{r}&{200}&{100}\backslash{h}{l}\in{e}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{a}{r}{r}{a}{y}\right\rbrace}\) What proportion of all voters is male and registered as a Democrat? 2)A survey was conducted invocted involving 303 subject concerning their preferences with respect to the size of car thay would consider purchasing. The following table shows the count of the responses by gender of the respondents: \(\displaystyle{b}{e}{g}\in{\left\lbrace{a}{r}{r}{a}{y}\right\rbrace}{\left\lbrace{c}\right\rbrace}{S}{i}{z}{e}\ {o}{f}\ {C}{a}{r}\backslash{h}{l}\in{e}{G}{e}{n}{d}{e}{r}&{S}{m}{a}{l}{l}&{M}{e}{d}{i}{u}{m}&{l}{a}{n}\ge&{T}{o}{t}{a}{l}\backslash{h}{l}\in{e}{F}{e}{m}{a}\le&{58}&{63}&{17}&{138}\backslash{M}{a}\le&{79}&{61}&{25}&{165}\backslash{T}{o}{t}{a}{l}&{137}&{124}&{42}&{303}\backslash{h}{l}\in{e}{e}{n}{d}{\left\lbrace{a}{r}{r}{a}{y}\right\rbrace}\) the data are to be summarized by constructing marginal distributions. In the marginal distributio for car size, the entry for mediums car is ?
asked 2020-10-26
Is there a relationship between gender and relative finger length? To find out, we randomly selected 452 U.S. high school students who completed a survey. The two-way table summarizes the relationship between gender and which finger was longer on the left hand (index finger or ring finger).
\(\begin{array} {lc} & \text{Gender} \ \text {Longer finger} & \begin{array}{l|c|r|r} & \text { Female } & \text { Male } & \text { Total } \\\hline \text { Index finger } & 78 & 45 & 123 \\\hline \text{ Ring finger } & 82 & 152 & 234 \\ \hline \text { Same length } & 52 & 43 & 95 \\ \hline \text { Total } & 212 & 240 & 452 \end{array}\ \end{array}\)
Suppose we randomly select one of the survey respondents. Define events R: ring finger longer and F: female. Given that the chosen student does not have a longer ring finger, what's the probability that this person is male? Write your answer as a probability statement using correct symbols for the events.
asked 2020-12-30
Is the gift you purchased for that special someone really appreciated? This was the question investigated in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology (Vol. 45, 2009). Toe researchers examined the link between engagement ring price (dollars) and level of appreciation of the recipient \(\displaystyle{\left(\text{measured on a 7-point scale where}\ {1}=\ \text{"not at all" and}\ {7}=\ \text{to a great extent"}\right)}.\) Participants for the study were those who used a popular Web site for engaged couples. The Web site's directory was searched for those with "average" American names (e.g., "John Smith," "Sara Jones"). These individuals were then invited to participate in an online survey in exchange for a $10 gift certificate. Of the respondents, those who paid really high or really low prices for the ring were excluded, leaving a sample size of 33 respondents. a) Identify the experimental units for this study. b) What are the variables of interest? Are they quantitative or qualitative in nature? c) Describe the population of interest. d) Do you believe the sample of 33 respondents is representative of the population? Explain. e. In a second, designed study, the researchers investigated whether the link between gift price and level of appreciation was stronger for birthday gift givers than for birthday gift receivers. Toe participants were randomly assigned to play the role of gift-giver or gift-receiver. Assume that the sample consists of 50 individuals. Use a random number generator to randomly assign 25 individuals to play the gift-receiver role and 25 to play the gift-giver role.
asked 2021-01-10
In 1985, neither Florida nor Georgia had laws banning open alcohol containers in vehicle passenger compartments. By 1990, Florida had passed such a law, but Georgia had not.
(i) Suppose you can collect random samples of the driving-age population in both states, for 1985 and 1990. Let arrest be a binary variable equal to unity if a person was arrested for drunk driving during the year. Without controlling for any other factors, write down a linear probability model that allows you to test whether the open container law reduced the probability of being arrested for drunk driving. Which coefficient in your model measures the effect of the law?
(ii) Why might you want to control for other factors in the model? What might some of these factors be?
(iii) Now, suppose that you can only collect data for 1985 and 1990 at the county level for the two states. The dependent variable would be the fraction of licensed drivers arrested for drunk driving during the year. How does this data structure differ from the individual-level data described in part (i)? What econometric method would you use?
asked 2021-02-02
The Pew Research Center asked a random sample of 2024 adult cellphone owners from the United States their age and which type of cell phone they own: iPhone, Android, or other (including non-smartphones). The two-way table summarizes the data.
\(\begin{array}{c|ccc|c} & 18-34 & 35-54 & 55+ & \text { Total } \\ \hline \text { iPhone } & 169 & 171 & 127 & 467 \\ \text { Androod } & 214 & 189 & 100 & 503 \\ \text { Other } & 134 & 277 & 643 & 1054 \\ \hline \text { Total } & 517 & 637 & 870 & 2024 \end{array}\)
Suppose we select one of the survey respondents at random. What's the probability that: The person is not age 18 to 34 and does not own an iPhone?
asked 2021-01-07
A wallstreet journal subcriber survey asked 46 questions about subcribers characteristics and interest. State whether each of the following questions provides categorical or quantitative data.
a. What is your age?
b. Are you male or females?
c. When did you first start reading the WSJ? High school , college, early career, midcareer, late career, or retirement?
d. How long have you been in your present job or position?
e. What type of vehicle are you considering for you next purchase? Nine response categories include sedan, sports car, SUV, minivan, and so on.
asked 2020-12-29
The presidential election is coming. Five survey companies (A, B, C, D, and E) are doing survey to forecast whether or not the Republican candidate will win the election. Each company randomly selects a sample size between 1000 and 1500 people. All of these five companies interview people over the phone during Tuesday and Wednesday. The interviewee will be asked if he or she is 18 years old or above and U.S. citizen who are registered to vote. If yes, the interviewee will be further asked: will you vote for the Republican candidate? On Thursday morning, these five companies announce their survey sample and results at the same time on the newspapers. The results show that a% (from A), b% (from B), c% (from C), d% (from D), and e% (from E) will support the Republican candidate. The margin of error is plus/minus 3% for all results. Suppose that \(\displaystyle{c}{>}{a}{>}{d}{>}{e}{>}{b}\). When you see these results from the newspapers, can you exactly identify which result(s) is (are) not reliable and not accurate? That is, can you identify which estimation interval(s) does (do) not include the true population proportion? If you can, explain why you can, if no, explain why you cannot and what information you need to identify. Discuss and explain your reasons. You must provide your statistical analysis and reasons.
asked 2020-12-28
Is statistical inference intuitive to babies? In other words, are babies able to generalize from sample to population? In this study,1 8-month-old infants watched someone draw a sample of five balls from an opaque box. Each sample consisted of four balls of one color (red or white) and one ball of the other color. After observing the sample, the side of the box was lifted so the infants could see all of the balls inside (the population). Some boxes had an “expected” population, with balls in the same color proportions as the sample, while other boxes had an “unexpected” population, with balls in the opposite color proportion from the sample. Babies looked at the unexpected populations for an average of 9.9 seconds (sd = 4.5 seconds) and the expected populations for an average of 7.5 seconds (sd = 4.2 seconds). The sample size in each group was 20, and you may assume the data in each group are reasonably normally distributed. Is this convincing evidence that babies look longer at the unexpected population, suggesting that they make inferences about the population from the sample? Let group 1 and group 2 be the time spent looking at the unexpected and expected populations, respectively. A) Calculate the relevant sample statistic. Enter the exact answer. Sample statistic: _____ B) Calculate the t-statistic. Round your answer to two decimal places. t-statistic = ___________ C) Find the p-value. Round your answer to three decimal places. p-value =
...