Describe a study that would provide more useful information.

Describe a study that would provide more useful information.

Study design
asked 2021-01-10
Describe a study that would provide more useful information.

Answers (1)

Justification: The sample of students can be selected using the method of simple random sampling. All the students in the school must be labelled according to the available students and then 20 students have to be selected within the required range using the random number tables or the random number web app. Hence, the simple random sampling can be used.

Relevant Questions

asked 2021-02-25
We will now add support for register-memory ALU operations to the classic five-stage RISC pipeline. To offset this increase in complexity, all memory addressing will be restricted to register indirect (i.e., all addresses are simply a value held in a register; no offset or displacement may be added to the register value). For example, the register-memory instruction add x4, x5, (x1) means add the contents of register x5 to the contents of the memory location with address equal to the value in register x1 and put the sum in register x4. Register-register ALU operations are unchanged. The following items apply to the integer RISC pipeline:
a. List a rearranged order of the five traditional stages of the RISC pipeline that will support register-memory operations implemented exclusively by register indirect addressing.
b. Describe what new forwarding paths are needed for the rearranged pipeline by stating the source, destination, and information transferred on each needed new path.
c. For the reordered stages of the RISC pipeline, what new data hazards are created by this addressing mode? Give an instruction sequence illustrating each new hazard.
d. List all of the ways that the RISC pipeline with register-memory ALU operations can have a different instruction count for a given program than the original RISC pipeline. Give a pair of specific instruction sequences, one for the original pipeline and one for the rearranged pipeline, to illustrate each way.
Hint for (d): Give a pair of instruction sequences where the RISC pipeline has “more” instructions than the reg-mem architecture. Also give a pair of instruction sequences where the RISC pipeline has “fewer” instructions than the reg-mem architecture.
asked 2020-11-29
State whether the investigation in question is an observational study or a designed experiment. Justify your answer in each case.
The Salk Vaccine. In the 1940s and early 1950s, the public was greatly concerned about polio. In an attempt to prevent this disease, Jonas Salk of the University of Pittsburgh developed a polio vaccine. In a test of the vaccine’s efficacy, involving nearly 2 million grade-school children, half of the children received the Salk vaccine, the other half received a placebo, in this case an injection of salt dissolved in water. Neither the children nor the doctors performing the diagnoses knew which children belonged to which group, but an evaluation center did. The center found that the incidence of polio was far less among the children inoculated with the Salk vaccine. From that information, the researchers concluded that the vaccine would be effective in preventing polio for all U.S. school children, consequently, it was made available for general use.
asked 2020-12-15
Many people believe that students gain weight as freshmen. Suppose we plan to conduct a study to see if this is true.
a) Describe a study design that would require a matched- pairs t procedure to analyze the results.
b) Describe a study design that would require a two- sample t procedure to analyze the results.
asked 2020-11-05
When designing a study to determine this population proportion, what is the minimum number of drivers you would need to survey to be 95% confident that the population proportion is estimated to within 0.02? (Round your answer up to the nearest whole number.)
asked 2021-01-08
To provide: An explanation for the somewhat surprising result of the study.
asked 2020-12-29
Describe a study design to test whether consuming fish atleast twice a week causes decreased activity in rheumatoid arthritis patients.
asked 2020-11-05
Regarding observational studies and designed experiments:
a. Describe each type of statistical study.
b. With respect to possible conclusions, what important difference exists between these two types of statistical studies?
asked 2021-02-24
A correlational study is designed to?
a) assess the association between two interval measures.
b) assess the association between two categorical variables
c) compare the means of three or more groups
d) manipulate the independent variables
asked 2020-12-03
The article “Rocker Shoe Put to the Test: Can it Really Walk the Walk as a Way to Get in Shape?” (USA TODAY, October 12, 2009) describes claims made by Skechers about Shape-Ups, a shoe line introduced in 2009. These curved-sole sneakers are supposed to help you “get into shape without going to the gym” according to a Skechers advertisement. Briefly describe how you might design a study to investigate this claim. Include how you would select subjects and what variables you would measure. Is the study you designed an observational study or an experiment?
asked 2020-11-26
Use either the critical-value approach or the P-value approach to perform the required hypothesis test. For several years, evidence had been mounting that folic acid reduces major birth defects. A. Czeizel and I. Dudas of the National Institute of Hygiene in Budapest directed a study that provided the strongest evidence to date. Their results were published in the paper “Prevention of the First Occurrence of Neural-Tube Defects by Periconceptional Vitamin Supplementation” (New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 327(26), p. 1832). For the study, the doctors enrolled women prior to conception and divided them randomly into two groups. One group, consisting of 2701 women, took daily multivitamins containing 0.8 mg of folic acid, the other group, consisting of 2052 women, received only trace elements. Major birth defects occurred in 35 cases when the women took folic acid and in 47 cases when the women did not. a. At the 1% significance level, do the data provide sufficient evidence to conclude that women who take folic acid are at lesser risk of having children with major birth defects? b. Is this study a designed experiment or an observational study? Explain your answer. c. In view of your answers to parts (a) and (b), could you reasonably conclude that taking folic acid causes a reduction in major birth defects? Explain your answer.