9 students are in a math class. How many different ways can you choose 6 people for a group?

Question
9 students are in a math class. How many different ways can you choose 6 people for a group?

Answers (1)

2020-12-18
The number of ways to choose a smaller group from a larger group can be found using either a permutation or a combination. When the order matters, use a permutation and when the order doesn't matter, use a combination.
The order of the 6 students that are chosen doesn't matter so you need to use a combination.
The formula for a combination is \(\displaystyle{n}{C}{r}={n}\frac{!}{{{r}!{\left({n}-{r}\right)}!}}\) where n is the total number of objects in the group and rSince there are a total of n=9 students and r=6r=6 students are being chosen, you need to find \(\displaystyle{9}{C}{6}={9}\frac{!}{{{6}!{\left({9}−{3}\right)}!}}={9}\frac{!}{{6}}!{3}!\) is the number of objects being chosen.
The definition of a factorial is \(\displaystyle{n}\ne{n}⋅{\left({n}−{1}\right)}⋅{\left({n}−{2}\right)}⋯{\left({2}\right)}{\left({1}\right)}\). The factorials can then be expanded to:
\(\displaystyle{9}{C}{6}={9}\frac{!}{{6}}!{3}\ne\frac{{{9}\cdot{8}\cdot{7}\cdot{6}\cdot{5}\cdot{4}\cdot{3}\cdot{2}\cdot{1}}}{{{6}\cdot{5}\cdot{4}\cdot{3}\cdot{2}\cdot{1}}}{\left({3}\cdot{2}\cdot{1}\right)}\)
Cancelling the common factors in the numerator and denominator then given: 9C6=... Simplify=\(\displaystyle{3}\cdot{4}\cdot{7}\)
Multiplying then given 9C6=84 ways.
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This just means that the percentage of times that both things happen equals the individual percentages multiplied together (Only if they are Independent of each other).
Therefore, if a person's race is independent of whether they were killed being unarmed then the percentage of black people that are killed while being unarmed should equal the percentage of blacks times the percentage of Unarmed. Let's check this. Multiply your answer to part a (percentage of blacks) by your answer to part b (percentage of unarmed).
Remember, the previous answer is only correct if the variables are Independent.
d) Now let's get the real percent that are Black and Unarmed by using the table?
If answer c is "significantly different" than answer d, then that means that there could be a different percentage of unarmed people being shot based on race. We will check this out later in the course.
Let's compare the percentage of unarmed shot for each race.
e) What percent are White and Unarmed?
f) What percent are Hispanic and Unarmed?
If you compare answers d, e and f it shows the highest percentage of unarmed people being shot is most likely white.
Why is that?
This is because there are more white people in the United States than any other race and therefore there are likely to be more white people in the table. Since there are more white people in the table, there most likely would be more white and unarmed people shot by police than any other race. This pulls the percentage of white and unarmed up. In addition, there most likely would be more white and armed shot by police. All the percentages for white people would be higher, because there are more white people. For example, the table contains very few Hispanic people, and the percentage of people in the table that were Hispanic and unarmed is the lowest percentage.
Think of it this way. If you went to a college that was 90% female and 10% male, then females would most likely have the highest percentage of A grades. They would also most likely have the highest percentage of B, C, D and F grades
The correct way to compare is "conditional probability". Conditional probability is getting the probability of something happening, given we are dealing with just the people in a particular group.
g) What percent of blacks shot and killed by police were unarmed?
h) What percent of whites shot and killed by police were unarmed?
i) What percent of Hispanics shot and killed by police were unarmed?
You can see by the answers to part g and h, that the percentage of blacks that were unarmed and killed by police is approximately twice that of whites that were unarmed and killed by police.
j) Why do you believe this is happening?
Do a search on the internet for reasons why blacks are more likely to be killed by police. Read a few articles on the topic. Write your response using the articles as references. Give the websites used in your response. Your answer should be several sentences long with at least one website listed. This part of this problem will be graded after the due date.
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